AUB ScholarWorks

The prevalence of hypertension and its association with other cardiovascular disease risk factors in a representative sample of the Lebanese population

Show simple item record Tohme R.A. Jurjus A.R. Estephan A.
dc.contributor.editor Nov-2005 2017-09-07T07:00:03Z 2017-09-07T07:00:03Z 2005
dc.identifier 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001909
dc.identifier.issn 09509240
dc.description.abstract Hypertension is a well-known major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study has been designed to assess the prevalence of hypertension, its co-occurrence with other cardiovascular risk factors and its association with cardiovascular diseases in a representative sample of Lebanese population. A pretested questionnaire was administered to 2125 adults aged equal or above 30 years old from all regions in Lebanon and proportionate with the respective population density. Data revealed that 23.1percent of the respondents admitted being hypertensive, with no statistically significant difference between male and female patients. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age (P0.01) and hypertension tended to occur more in the less educated and the unemployed (P0.01). Only 45.7percent of hypertensive patients followed a low fat diet while 14.7percent exercised daily. The prevalence of hypertension increased significantly with an increase in body mass index particularly in female patients. Among the hypertensive respondents, 23.9percent were diabetic, 38.1percent were hyperlipidaemic and 9.1percent were both diabetic and hyperlipidaemic. Co-occurrence of hypertension with diabetes, hyperlipidaemia or both was more common in female patients compared to male patients. In addition, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) and atherothrombosis occurred in hypertensive respondents at rates of 2.4, 4.3 and 9.5percent, respectively. Hypertensive female patients reported more stroke and atherothrombotic episodes compared to male patients, whereas hypertensive male patients had more MIs. Based on these results it is very important to address the issue of lifestyle modification for the prevention and treatment of hypertension and awareness campaigns should stress the fact that cardiovascular diseases are not only restricted to men.
dc.format.extent Pages: (861-868)
dc.language English
dc.publisher LONDON
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Human Hypertension; Publication Year: 2005; Volume: 19; no. 11; Pages: (861-868);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title The prevalence of hypertension and its association with other cardiovascular disease risk factors in a representative sample of the Lebanese population
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Tohme, R.A., American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon, Lebanese Hypertension League, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Jurjus, A.R., American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon, Lebanese Hypertension League, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Estephan, A., Lebanese Hypertension League, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Jurjus, A.R.; Department of Human Morphology, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiological Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiological Sciences
dc.contributor.Faculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tohme, RA
dc.contributor.authorInitials Jurjus, AR
dc.contributor.authorInitials Estephan, A
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Jurjus, AR (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Human Morphol, POB 11-0236, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.description.cited Adler AI, 2000, BRIT MED J, V321, P412, DOI 10.1136-bmj.321.7258.412; Qizilbash N, 1995, LANCET, V346, P1647; Bacon SL, 2004, SPORTS MED, V34, P307, DOI 10.2165-00007256-200434050-00003; BANEGAS JR, 2003, EUR J CLIN NUTR, V57, P518; Barrett-Connor E, 2004, ARCH INTERN MED, V164, P934, DOI 10.1001-archinte.164.9.934; BELGIN U, 2004, CIRCULATION, V109, P1101; Bener A, 2004, BLOOD PRESSURE, V13, P41, DOI 10.1080-08037050310028462; Bener A, 2004, SAUDI MED J, V25, P918; Capewell S, 2000, CIRCULATION, V102, P1511; Capewell S, 1999, HEART, V81, P380; CASTELLI WP, 1986, AM J MED, V80, P23, DOI 10.1016-0002-9343(86)90157-9; Chobanian AV, 2003, HYPERTENSION, V42, P1206, DOI 10.1161-01.HYP.0000107251.49515.c2; DODU SRA, 1988, CARDIOLOGY, V75, P56, DOI 10.1159-000174349; Ebrahim S, 2001, INT J EPIDEMIOL, V30, P201, DOI 10.1093-ije-30.2.201; Ghannem H, 1997, E MEDITERR HLTH J, V3, P472; Haapanen N, 1997, AM J EPIDEMIOL, V145, P762; Haffner SM, 1998, NEW ENGL J MED, V339, P229, DOI 10.1056-NEJM199807233390404; HALABI S, 1992, INT J EPIDEMIOL, V21, P607, DOI 10.1093-ije-21.3.607; HELIOVAARA M, 1993, J CLIN EPIDEMIOL, V46, P181, DOI 10.1016-0895-4356(93)90056-7; Hunink MGM, 1997, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V277, P535, DOI 10.1001-jama.277.7.535; KANNEL WB, 1970, J AMER MED ASSOC, V214, P301, DOI 10.1001-jama.214.2.301; Kannel W B, 1972, N Engl J Med, V287, P781, DOI 10.1056-NEJM197210192871601; Levy D, 1996, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V275, P1557, DOI 10.1001-jama.275.20.1557; MACMAHON S, 1990, LANCET, V335, P765, DOI 10.1016-0140-6736(90)90878-9; Mafauzy M, 2003, Med J Malaysia, V58, P556; MAHONEY LT, 1991, AM J HYPERTENS, V4, pS608; Mokdad AH, 2003, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V289, P76, DOI 10.1001-jama.289.1.76; Nakkash R, 2003, HEALTH EDUC BEHAV, V30, P723, DOI 10.1177-1090198103255521; Okrainec K, 2004, AM HEART J, V148, P7, DOI 10.1016-j.ahj.2003.11.027; Okura Y, 2004, J CLIN EPIDEMIOL, V57, P1096, DOI 10.1016-j.jclinepi.2004.04.005; OMRAN AR, 1971, MILBANK MEML FUND Q, V49, P509, DOI 10.2307-3349375; Onal AE, 2004, BLOOD PRESSURE, V13, P31, DOI 10.1080-08037050410025762; Onwuanyi AE, 2003, J NATL MED ASSOC, V95, P1146; PALTA M, 1982, AM J EPIDEMIOL, V115, P223; ROWLAND ML, 1990, AM J CLIN NUTR, V52, P1125; Sacks FM, 2001, NEW ENGL J MED, V344, P3, DOI 10.1056-NEJM200101043440101; SALTI I, 1998, LEBANESE TECH REP, P1; Salti IS, 1997, E MEDITERR HLTH J, V3, P462; Sarafidis PA, 2004, J HUM HYPERTENS, V18, P623, DOI 10.1038-sj.jhh.1001724; Sibai AM, 2001, J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, V55, P271, DOI 10.1136-jech.55.4.271; Sibai AM, 2003, OBES RES, V11, P1353, DOI 10.1038-oby.2003.183; Srinivasan SR, 2002, DIABETES, V51, P204; STAMLER J, 1986, AM J MED, V80, P33, DOI 10.1016-0002-9343(86)90158-0; Tanuseputro P, 2003, CAN J CARDIOL, V19, P1249; Tormo MJ, 2000, J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, V54, P221, DOI 10.1136-jech.54.3.221; *UN FUND POP ACT M, 1997, STAT TABL POP HOUS C; VERSCHUREN WMM, 1995, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V274, P131; Watkins LO, 2004, CLIN CARDIOL, V27, P2; WHO, 2002, WORLD HLTH REP 2002; Wu SC, 2000, PUBLIC HEALTH, V114, P137, DOI
dc.description.citedCount 13
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 16
dc.description.citedWOSCount 15
dc.format.extentCount 8
dc.identifier.coden JHHYE
dc.identifier.pubmedID 16034449
dc.identifier.scopusID 27844435658
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Hum. Hypertens.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 11
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Human Hypertension
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Hum. Hypertens.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 19
dc.source.ID WOS:000233423400003
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Prevalence
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Risk factors
dc.subject.otherIndex academic achievement
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex aged
dc.subject.otherIndex aging
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex awareness
dc.subject.otherIndex behavior modification
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass
dc.subject.otherIndex cardiovascular disease
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex diabetes mellitus
dc.subject.otherIndex disease association
dc.subject.otherIndex exercise
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex geography
dc.subject.otherIndex heart infarction
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex hyperlipidemia
dc.subject.otherIndex hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex lifestyle
dc.subject.otherIndex low fat diet
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex population density
dc.subject.otherIndex population research
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex questionnaire
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex sex difference
dc.subject.otherIndex statistical significance
dc.subject.otherIndex stroke
dc.subject.otherIndex thrombosis
dc.subject.otherIndex unemployment
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Cardiovascular Diseases
dc.subject.otherIndex Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex Risk Factors
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NEWLY DEVELOPED COUNTRY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MORTALITY-RATES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SELF
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STROKE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AGREEMENT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus FAILURE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CHOLESTEROL
dc.subject.otherWOS Peripheral Vascular Disease

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search AUB ScholarWorks


My Account