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Arabs under tsarist rule:The Russian occupation of Beirut, 1773-1774

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dc.contributor.author Du Quenoy P.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-04T10:28:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-04T10:28:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.1163/18763316-04102002
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/13134
dc.description.abstract The brief and little known Russian occupation of the Levantine port of Beirut in 1773-1774 reveals much about the nature of Russian engagement with the Arab Middle East. Rather than passing as an insignificant episode, it instead complemented a well documented Russian desire to play an expanded role in the Levant and take advantage of Catherine II's first war with the Ottoman empire (1768-1774) to establish forward positions in the Mediterranean. Alongside the Russian naval victory at Chesme in July 1770, Russia accepted alliance overtures from Egypt's Mameluk governor Ali Bey, who was in rebellion against the Ottoman Sultan. In a complicated series of diplomatic and military maneuvers, Russian forces offered to aid Ali and his allies. By 1773 this process came to involve an agreement with the Druze Emir Yusuf al-Shihab, who accepted Russian protection as part of a military alliance that called for a Russian attack on Beirut in exchange for tribute. Yusuf's inability to pay the tribute led to a prolonged Russian presence in Beirut, but the situation's eventual resolution and the Kücük Kainardja peace treaty of 1774 led to the Russians' departure. Despite the episode's brevity, it nevertheless allowed for the development of pronounced Russian intentions to create favorable relationships with the peoples and leaders of the Levant. The Russian relationship with Yusuf and other local potentates, moreover, mirrored Russia's interactions with peoples and leaders on its vast steppe frontier, indicating another axis of imperial advance. © 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (128-141)
dc.language English
dc.publisher Brill Academic Publishers; LEIDEN
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Russian History; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 41; no. 2; Pages: (128-141);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Arabs under tsarist rule:The Russian occupation of Beirut, 1773-1774
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Du Quenoy, P., American University of Beirut, United States
dc.contributor.authorAddress Du Quenoy, P.; American University of BeirutUnited States; email: pd05@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Sciences; Department: History and Archaeology;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment History and Archaeology
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail pdo5@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Arts and Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials du Quenoy, P
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress du Quenoy, P (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited al-Shihabi Haydar Ahmed, 1969, LUBNAN FI AHD AL UMA, P93; [Anonymous], 1867, CHTENIIA IMPERATORSK, P57; [Anonymous], 1869, ARKHIV GOSUDARSTVENN, V1, P384; Auriant, 1930, ACROPOLE, V5, P195; Bazili K.M., 1962, SIRIIA PALESTINA POD, P55; Bruce Richard Isaac, 1900, FORWARD POLICY ITS R; Charles-Roux Francois, 1928, ECHELLES SYRIE PALES, P106; Davie Michael F., 2007, E PERIMETRON, V2, P54; Du Quenoy P, 2008, J WORLD HIST, V19, P213; Ginat Rami, 1993, SOVIET UNION EGYPT 1; Goldfrank David M, 1994, ORIGINS CRIMEAN WAR; Kassir Samir, 2010, BEIRUT, P76; Khalidi R., 2009, SOWING CRISIS COLD W; Khodarkovsky Michael, 2002, RUSSIAS STEPPE FRONT, P50; LeDonne John P., 1997, RUSSIAN EMPIRE WORLD, P7; Lockroy Edouard, 1888, AHMED BOUCHER, P73; Lusignan S.L. Sauveur, 1783, HIST REVOLT A BEY OT, P103; Marcel J.J., 1877, EGYPTE DEPUIS CONQUE, P235; Mariti Giovanni, 1774, ISTORIA GUERRA SOR 2, P124; Perminov P., 1987, AZIIA AFRIKA SEGODNI, V8, P56; Perminov P., 1987, AZUA AFRIKA SEGONDIA, V9, P51; Persen William, 1955, J ROYAL CENTRAL ASIA, V42, P275; Rafeq Abdul-Karim, 1970, PROVINCE DAMASCUS 17, P234; Salibi Kamal S., 2004, MODERN HIST LEBANON, P15; Serof Gregoire, 1984, BEIRUT TOMORROW, P93; Shidyaq Tannus, 1859, KITAB AKHBAR ALAYAN, P394; Shihab Fouad, PRESIDENT LEBANON 19; Sokolov A., 1849, ZAPISKI GIDROGRAFICH, VVII, P379; Volney C.-F., 1787, TRAVELS SYRIA EGYPT, V2, P110
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dc.format.extentCount 14
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dc.identifier.pubmedID
dc.identifier.scopusID 84901381189
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address PLANTIJNSTRAAT 2, P O BOX 9000, 2300 PA LEIDEN, NETHERLANDS
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dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
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dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Russ. Hist.-Hist. Russe
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 2
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Russian History
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Russ. Hist.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 41
dc.source.ID WOS:000336881400002
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Beirut
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Catherine the Great
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Russian empire
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Russian Naval History
dc.subject.otherChemCAS
dc.subject.otherIndex
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus
dc.subject.otherWOS History


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