AUB ScholarWorks

In-vehicle CO ingression: Validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations

Show simple item record Esber L.A. El-Fadel M.
dc.contributor.editor 2008 2017-10-04T11:04:54Z 2017-10-04T11:04:54Z 2008
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.01.034
dc.identifier.issn 00489697
dc.description.abstract In this study a mass balance modeling approach with measured out-vehicle carbon monoxide (CO) levels and trip-specific movement record as boundary conditions were used to simulate in-vehicle CO concentration profiles. The simulation results were coupled with field measurements to demonstrate the occurrence of CO ingression into the vehicle compartment from the engine combustion and-or exhaust return of the test vehicle. Agreement between field and simulation results was obtained for variable amounts of infiltrated CO equivalent to an in-vehicle emission rate of 250 to 1250 mg-h of CO depending on the vehicle ventilation settings. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent Pages: (75-89)
dc.language English
dc.publisher AMSTERDAM
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Science of the Total Environment; Publication Year: 2008; Volume: 394; no. 1; Pages: (75-89);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title In-vehicle CO ingression: Validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Esber, L.A., School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation El-Fadel, M., School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress El-Fadel, M.; School of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of SouthamptonUnited Kingdom; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture; Department: Civil and Environmental Engineering;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Civil and Environmental Engineering
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
dc.contributor.authorInitials Esber, LA
dc.contributor.authorInitials El-Fadel, M
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress El-Fadel, M (reprint author), Univ Southampton, Sch Civil Engn and Environm, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited Alm S, 1999, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V9, P237, DOI 10.1038-sj.jea.7500039; Behrentz E, 2004, ATMOS ENVIRON, V38, P3735, DOI 10.1016-j.atmosenv.2004.04.007; *CARB, 2000, AIR MON QUAL ASS MAN, V2; *CARB, 2004, IND AIR POLL CAL DRA; Chan AT, 2003, ATMOS ENVIRON, V37, P3795, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(03)00466-7; CHAN CC, 1991, ENVIRON SCI TECHNOL, V25, P964, DOI 10.1021-es00017a021; Chan LY, 2001, ATMOS ENVIRON, V35, P2637, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(00)00450-7; Chan LY, 2002, ATMOS ENVIRON, V36, P5831, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(02)00687-8; Chan LY, 2002, ATMOS ENVIRON, V36, P255, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(01)00414-9; Chan LY, 1999, ATMOS ENVIRON, V33, P1777, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(98)00338-0; Chang JC, 2004, METEOROL ATMOS PHYS, V87, P167, DOI 10.1007-s00703-003-0070-7; Clifford MJ, 1997, ATMOS ENVIRON, V31, P1003, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(96)00295-6; Conny JM, 1998, ATMOS ENVIRON, V32, P2669, DOI 10.1016-S1352-2310(97)00398-1; DOR F, 1995, J AIR WASTE MANAGE, V45, P103; Duci A, 2003, SCI TOTAL ENVIRON, V309, P47, DOI 10.1016-S0048-9697(03)00045-7; EMMERICH SJ, 2003, VALIDATION CONTAMW P; ENGELMANN RJ, 1992, ATMOS ENVIRON A-GEN, V26, P3119, DOI 10.1016-0960-1686(92)90469-2; Esber LA, 2007, ATMOS ENVIRON, V41, P6087, DOI 10.1016-j.atmosenv.2007.05.020; Esber LA, 2007, ATMOS ENVIRON, V41, P3644, DOI 10.1016-j.atmonsenv.2006.12.036; *EUR COMM, 2005, EXP URB AD POP CARB; FERNANDEZBREMAUNTZ AA, 1995, ATMOS ENVIRON, V29, P525, DOI 10.1016-1352-2310(94)00248-J; Finlayson-Pitts B., 1986, ATMOSPHERIC CHEM FUN; Flachsbart PG, 1999, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V9, P245, DOI 10.1038-sj.jea.7500038; Flachsbart PG, 1999, CHEMOSPHERE GLOBAL C, V1, P301, DOI DOI 10.1016-S1465-9972(99)00030-6; FLACHSBART PG, 1987, JAPCA J AIR WASTE MA, V37, P135; FLETCHER B, 1994, J HAZARD MATER, V38, P243, DOI 10.1016-0304-3894(94)00037-9; HAYES SR, 1989, JAPCA J AIR WASTE MA, V39, P1453; Jo WK, 1998, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V8, P159; Kaur S, 2005, ATMOS ENVIRON, V39, P3629, DOI 10.1016-j.atmosenv.2005.02.046; KOUSHKI PA, 1992, J AIR WASTE MANAGE, V42, P1603; Lawryk NJ, 1995, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V5, P511; LIU JJ, 1994, ATMOS ENVIRON, V28, P2361, DOI 10.1016-1352-2310(94)90490-1; *NRC, 2002, ONG CHALL MAN CARB P; Ott W., 2007, J EXPO SCI ENV EPID, P1; OTT W, 1993, 86 ANN M AIR WAST MA; OTT W, 1994, J AIR WASTE MANAGE, V44, P1010; Ott W, 1992, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V2, P175; OTT W, 1988, ATMOS ENVIRON, V22, P2101, DOI 10.1016-0004-6981(88)90122-9; Park JH, 1998, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V8, P65; Rodes C., 1998, MEASURING CONCENTRAT; ROUJOL S, 2005, 0502 LTE I NAT RECH; Seinfeld J. H., 1998, ATMOSPHERIC CHEM PHY; SPARKS L, 2002, IAQ MODEL PARTICLES; Spengler J. D., 1994, EVALUATION POTENTIAL; *USEPA, 2002, IND AIR QUAL MOD WIN; *USEPA, 2000, 600P99001F EPA; *USEPA, 2001, 420R01054 EPA; *USEPA, 1993, 420R93007 EPA; VANWIJNEN JH, 1995, INT ARCH OCC ENV HEA, V67, P187; WEISEL CP, 1992, J EXPO ANAL ENV EPID, V2, P79; World Health Organization (WHO), 1999, ENV HLTH CRIT 213 CA, V662; Zagury E, 2000, OCCUP ENVIRON MED, V57, P406, DOI 10.1136-oem.57.6.406
dc.description.citedCount 6
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 4
dc.description.citedWOSCount 4
dc.format.extentCount 15
dc.identifier.coden STEVA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 18294677
dc.identifier.scopusID 40249089752
dc.publisher.address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Sci. Total Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Science of the Total Environment
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Sci. Total Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 394
dc.source.ID WOS:000255104300008
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword In-vehicle exposure
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Mathematical modeling
dc.subject.otherChemCAS carbon monoxide, 630-08-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Air Pollutants
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Carbon Monoxide, 630-08-0
dc.subject.otherIndex Boundary conditions
dc.subject.otherIndex Combustion
dc.subject.otherIndex Concentration (process)
dc.subject.otherIndex Mathematical models
dc.subject.otherIndex Ventilation
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex Measurements
dc.subject.otherIndex In vehicle exposure
dc.subject.otherIndex Vehicle ventilation settings
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex Vehicles
dc.subject.otherIndex carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex boundary condition
dc.subject.otherIndex carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex combustion
dc.subject.otherIndex engine
dc.subject.otherIndex field method
dc.subject.otherIndex mass balance
dc.subject.otherIndex measurement method
dc.subject.otherIndex model validation
dc.subject.otherIndex numerical model
dc.subject.otherIndex traffic emission
dc.subject.otherIndex ventilation
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental parameters
dc.subject.otherIndex exhaust gas
dc.subject.otherIndex mathematical analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex simulation
dc.subject.otherIndex validation study
dc.subject.otherIndex Air Pollutants
dc.subject.otherIndex Automobiles
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbon Monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental Monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Models, Theoretical
dc.subject.otherIndex Reproducibility of Results
dc.subject.otherIndex Ventilation
dc.subject.otherIndex CO concentrations
dc.subject.otherIndex Emission rates
dc.subject.otherIndex Field measurement
dc.subject.otherIndex In-vehicle exposure
dc.subject.otherIndex Mass balance
dc.subject.otherIndex Mass-balance modeling
dc.subject.otherIndex Test vehicle
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CARBON-MONOXIDE EXPOSURES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PERSONAL EXPOSURE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HONG-KONG
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus VENTILATION MODES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AIR-POLLUTANTS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus URBAN AREA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AUTOMOBILE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STATIONARY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DRIVERS
dc.subject.otherWOS Environmental Sciences

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search AUB ScholarWorks


My Account