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Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking: Sidestream smoke measurements and assessment of second-hand smoke emission factors

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dc.contributor.author Daher N.
dc.contributor.author Saleh R.
dc.contributor.author Jaroudi E.
dc.contributor.author Sheheitli H.
dc.contributor.author Badr T.
dc.contributor.author Sepetdjian E.
dc.contributor.author Al Rashidi M.
dc.contributor.author Saliba N.
dc.contributor.author Shihadeh A.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2009
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-04T11:15:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-04T11:15:44Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.10.004
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 13522310
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/14778
dc.description.abstract The lack of scientific evidence on the constituents, properties, and health effects of second-hand waterpipe smoke has fueled controversy over whether public smoking bans should include the waterpipe. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare emissions of ultrafine particles (UFP, andlt;100 nm), carcinogenic polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), volatile aldehydes, and carbon monoxide (CO) for cigarettes and narghile (shisha, hookah) waterpipes. These smoke constituents are associated with a variety of cancers, and heart and pulmonary diseases, and span the volatility range found in tobacco smoke. Sidestream cigarette and waterpipe smoke was captured and aged in a 1 m3 Teflon-coated chamber operating at 1.5 air changes per hour (ACH). The chamber was characterized for particle mass and number surface deposition rates. UFP and CO concentrations were measured online using a fast particle spectrometer (TSI 3090 Engine Exhaust Particle Sizer), and an indoor air quality monitor. Particulate PAH and gaseous volatile aldehydes were captured on glass fiber filters and DNPH-coated SPE cartridges, respectively, and analyzed off-line using GC-MS and HPLC-MS. PAH compounds quantified were the 5- and 6-ring compounds of the EPA priority list. Measured aldehydes consisted of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, methacrolein, and propionaldehyde. We found that a single waterpipe use session emits in the sidestream smoke approximately four times the carcinogenic PAH, four times the volatile aldehydes, and 30 times the CO of a single cigarette. Accounting for exhaled mainstream smoke, and given a habitual smoker smoking rate of 2 cigarettes per hour, during a typical one-hour waterpipe use session a waterpipe smoker likely generates ambient carcinogens and toxicants equivalent to 2-10 cigarette smokers, depending on the compound in question. There is therefore good reason to include waterpipe tobacco smoking in public smoking bans. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (8-14)
dc.language English
dc.publisher OXFORD
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Atmospheric Environment; Publication Year: 2009; Volume: 44; no. 1; Pages: (8-14);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking: Sidestream smoke measurements and assessment of second-hand smoke emission factors
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Daher, N., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Saleh, R., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Jaroudi, E., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Sheheitli, H., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Badr, T., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Sepetdjian, E., Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Al Rashidi, M., Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Saliba, N., Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Shihadeh, A., Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Shihadeh, A.; Aerosol Research Lab, Mechanical Engineering Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon; email: as20@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture; Department: Mechanical Engineering;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Mechanical Engineering
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail as20@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
dc.contributor.authorInitials Daher, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Saleh, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Jaroudi, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sheheitli, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Badr, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sepetdjian, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Al Rashidi, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Saliba, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Shihadeh, A
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Shihadeh, A (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Mech Engn, Aerosol Res Lab, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID Shihadeh, Alan-F-1646-2011
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 52
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 54
dc.description.citedWOSCount 54
dc.format.extentCount 7
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden AENVE
dc.identifier.pubmedID
dc.identifier.scopusID 70749161358
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Atmos. Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Atmospheric Environment
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Atmos. Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 44
dc.source.ID WOS:000273237800002
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Aerosol dynamics
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Environmental chamber
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Environmental tobacco smoke
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Hookah
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Shisha
dc.subject.otherChemCAS acetaldehyde, 75-07-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS acrolein, 107-02-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS carbon monoxide, 630-08-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS charcoal, 16291-96-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS formaldehyde, 50-00-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS politef, 9002-84-0, 9039-02-5
dc.subject.otherChemCAS propionaldehyde, 123-38-6
dc.subject.otherIndex Aerosol dynamics
dc.subject.otherIndex Air changes per hours
dc.subject.otherIndex Cigarette smokers
dc.subject.otherIndex Cigarette smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex CO concentrations
dc.subject.otherIndex Engine exhaust
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental tobacco smokes
dc.subject.otherIndex Fast particle
dc.subject.otherIndex Glass fiber filters
dc.subject.otherIndex Health effects
dc.subject.otherIndex Indoor air quality
dc.subject.otherIndex Methacrolein
dc.subject.otherIndex PAH compounds
dc.subject.otherIndex Particle mass
dc.subject.otherIndex Particulate PAH
dc.subject.otherIndex Polyaromatic hydrocarbons
dc.subject.otherIndex Priority list
dc.subject.otherIndex Propionaldehyde
dc.subject.otherIndex Ring compounds
dc.subject.otherIndex Scientific evidence
dc.subject.otherIndex Side streams
dc.subject.otherIndex Smoke Emission
dc.subject.otherIndex Smoke measurement
dc.subject.otherIndex Surface deposition
dc.subject.otherIndex Tobacco smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex Tobacco smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex Ultrafine particle
dc.subject.otherIndex Volatile aldehydes
dc.subject.otherIndex Air filters
dc.subject.otherIndex Air quality
dc.subject.otherIndex Aldehydes
dc.subject.otherIndex Atmospheric aerosols
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex Carcinogens
dc.subject.otherIndex Chromatographic analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental chambers
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental Protection Agency
dc.subject.otherIndex Exhaust systems (engine)
dc.subject.otherIndex Gas turbines
dc.subject.otherIndex Glass fibers
dc.subject.otherIndex Hydrocarbons
dc.subject.otherIndex Smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex Tobacco
dc.subject.otherIndex Indoor air pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex acetaldehyde
dc.subject.otherIndex acrolein
dc.subject.otherIndex acrolein derivative
dc.subject.otherIndex aldehyde
dc.subject.otherIndex carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex carcinogen
dc.subject.otherIndex charcoal
dc.subject.otherIndex cigarette smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex formaldehyde
dc.subject.otherIndex glass fiber
dc.subject.otherIndex methacrolein
dc.subject.otherIndex politef
dc.subject.otherIndex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
dc.subject.otherIndex propionaldehyde
dc.subject.otherIndex tobacco smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex unclassified drug
dc.subject.otherIndex aerosol formation
dc.subject.otherIndex air mass
dc.subject.otherIndex air quality
dc.subject.otherIndex carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex carcinogen
dc.subject.otherIndex deposition
dc.subject.otherIndex PAH
dc.subject.otherIndex particle size
dc.subject.otherIndex particulate matter
dc.subject.otherIndex quantitative analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex spectrometer
dc.subject.otherIndex toxic substance
dc.subject.otherIndex air monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex air sampling
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex atmospheric deposition
dc.subject.otherIndex cigarette smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental exposure
dc.subject.otherIndex high performance liquid chromatography
dc.subject.otherIndex mass fragmentography
dc.subject.otherIndex particle size
dc.subject.otherIndex passive smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex Nicotiana tabacum
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MAINSTREAM SMOKE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AEROSOL
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PIPE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PREVALENCE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject.otherWOS Environmental Sciences
dc.subject.otherWOS Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences


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