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Charcoal emissions as a source of CO and carcinogenic PAH in mainstream narghile waterpipe smoke

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dc.contributor.author Monzer B.
dc.contributor.author Sepetdjian E.
dc.contributor.author Saliba N.
dc.contributor.author Shihadeh A.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2008
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-04T11:16:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-04T11:16:06Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.fct.2008.05.031
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 02786915
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/15063
dc.description.abstract Burning charcoal is normally placed atop the tobacco to smoke the narghile waterpipe. We investigated the importance of charcoal as a toxicant source in the mainstream smoke, with particular attention to two well-known charcoal emissions: carbon monoxide (CO) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). CO and PAH yields were compared when a waterpipe was machine smoked using charcoal and using an electrical heating element. The electrical heating element was designed to produce spatial and temporal temperature distributions similar to those measured using charcoal. With a popular type of ma'assel tobacco mixture, and using a smoking regimen consisting of 105 puffs of 530 ml volume spaced 17 s apart, it was found that approximately 90percent of the CO and 75-92percent of the 4- and 5-membered ring PAH compounds originated in the charcoal. Greater than 95percent of the benzo(a)pyrene in the smoke was attributable to the charcoal. It was also found that the relative proportions of individual PAH species, the PAH fingerprint, of the mainstream smoke were highly correlated to those extracted from the unburned charcoal (R2 andgt; 0.94). In contrast, there was no correlation between the PAH fingerprint of the electrically heated and charcoal-heated conditions (R2 andlt; 0.02). In addition to inhaling toxicants transferred from the tobacco, such as nicotine, tar, and nitrosamines, waterpipe smokers thus also inhale large quantities of combustion-generated toxicants. This explains why, despite the generally low temperatures attained in the narghile tobacco, large quantities of CO and PAH have been found in the smoke. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (2991-2995)
dc.language English
dc.publisher OXFORD
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Food and Chemical Toxicology; Publication Year: 2008; Volume: 46; no. 9; Pages: (2991-2995);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Charcoal emissions as a source of CO and carcinogenic PAH in mainstream narghile waterpipe smoke
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Monzer, B., Aerosol Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Sepetdjian, E., Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Saliba, N., Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Shihadeh, A., Aerosol Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Shihadeh, A.; Aerosol Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon; email: as20@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture; Department: Mechanical Engineering;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Mechanical Engineering
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail as20@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
dc.contributor.authorInitials Monzer, B
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sepetdjian, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Saliba, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Shihadeh, A
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Shihadeh, A (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Mech Engn, Aerosol Res Lab, POB 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID Shihadeh, Alan-F-1646-2011
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited DYREMARK A, 1995, ATMOS ENVIRON, V29, P1553, DOI 10.1016-1352-2310(94)00357-Q; Hoffmann D, 1997, PREV MED, V26, P427, DOI 10.1006-pmed.1997.0183; Ledesma EB, 2002, ENERG FUEL, V16, P1331, DOI 10.1021-ef010261; Rastas Sari, 2004, BMC Geriatr, V4, P1, DOI 10.1186-1471-2318-4-1; SEPETDJIAN E, 2008, FOOD CHEM TOXICOLOGY; SHIHADEH A, 2006, WORLD C TOB HLTH WAS; Shihadeh A, 2004, PHARMACOL BIOCHEM BE, V79, P75, DOI 10.1016-j.pbb.2004.06.005; Shihadeh A, 2006, J AEROSOL MED, V19, P137, DOI 10.1089-jam.2006.19.137; Shihadeh A, 2003, FOOD CHEM TOXICOL, V41, P143, DOI 10.1016-S0278-6915(02)00220-X; Shihadeh A, 2005, FOOD CHEM TOXICOL, V43, P655, DOI 10.1016-j.fct.2004.12.013
dc.description.citedCount 47
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 53
dc.description.citedWOSCount 50
dc.format.extentCount 5
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden FCTOD
dc.identifier.pubmedID 18573302
dc.identifier.scopusID 50249180360
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Food Chem. Toxicol.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 9
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Food and Chemical Toxicology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Food Chem. Toxicol.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 46
dc.source.ID WOS:000259762100005
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Charcoal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Hooka
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword PAH
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Shisha
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Tobacco smoke
dc.subject.otherChemCAS benzo[a]pyrene, 50-32-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS carbon monoxide, 630-08-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS charcoal, 16291-96-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS nicotine, 54-11-5
dc.subject.otherChemCAS nitrosamine, 35576-91-1
dc.subject.otherChemCAS tar, 69912-81-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Carbon Monoxide, 630-08-0
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Carcinogens
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Charcoal, 16291-96-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Polycyclic Compounds
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex benzo[a]pyrene
dc.subject.otherIndex carbon monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex carcinogen
dc.subject.otherIndex charcoal
dc.subject.otherIndex nicotine
dc.subject.otherIndex nitrosamine
dc.subject.otherIndex polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
dc.subject.otherIndex tar
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex carcinogenicity
dc.subject.otherIndex heat transfer
dc.subject.otherIndex smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex temperature measurement
dc.subject.otherIndex tobacco
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbon Monoxide
dc.subject.otherIndex Carcinogens
dc.subject.otherIndex Charcoal
dc.subject.otherIndex Heat
dc.subject.otherIndex Polycyclic Compounds
dc.subject.otherIndex Smoke
dc.subject.otherIndex Smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex Temperature
dc.subject.otherIndex Tobacco
dc.subject.otherIndex Nicotiana tabacum
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PIPE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AEROSOL
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MODEL
dc.subject.otherWOS Food Science and Technology
dc.subject.otherWOS Toxicology


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