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Emergence agitation in children: An update

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dc.contributor.author Aouad M.T.
dc.contributor.author Nasr V.G.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2005
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-05T15:29:21Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-05T15:29:21Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 09527907
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/15210
dc.description.abstract Purpose of review: In this review, the most recent and relevant developments in the field of emergence agitation in children, as related to its assessment, etiology, and management, are discussed. Recent findings: Studies have shown that a more specific assessment tool is needed to decrease measurement errors. Such scales have been developed recently and incorporate cognitive-related assessment items in addition to agitation behaviors. Young, emotional, impulsive and less social children with anxious parents undergoing head and neck surgery are identified to be at risk for the development of emergence agitation. Factors that may influence the occurrence of this postanesthetic behavior include the level of preoperative anxiety and premedication, anesthesia drugs, as well as awakening in a hostile environment and feeling pain. Management include ruling out all possible causes, such as physiologic compromise, physical discomfort and pain. Treatment of emergence agitation is usually not required since the condition is self-limiting. If unremitting, however, treatment with opioids, benzodiazepines or small doses of hypnotics may be required. Summary: It is recommended that children at high risk are identified in order to decrease their level of preoperative anxiety, to supplement low-solubility inhalational agents with adjuvant drugs, to prevent postoperative pain and to allow parents to be with their children during recovery from anesthesia. © 2005 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (614-619)
dc.language English
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology; Publication Year: 2005; Volume: 18; no. 6; Pages: (614-619);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Emergence agitation in children: An update
dc.type Review
dc.contributor.affiliation Aouad, M.T., Department of Anesthesiology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, Department of Anesthesiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, PO Box 11 0236, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasr, V.G., Department of Anesthesiology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Aouad, M.T.; Department of Anesthesiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, PO Box 11 0236, Beirut, Lebanon; email: mm01@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Anesthesiology;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Anesthesiology
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.description.cited
dc.description.citedCount 31
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount
dc.description.citedWOSCount
dc.format.extentCount 6
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden COAEE
dc.identifier.pubmedID
dc.identifier.scopusID 28044463996
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 6
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Curr. Opin. Anaesthesiol.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 18
dc.source.ID
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Desflurane
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Emergence delirium
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Emergence excitement
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Sevoflurane
dc.subject.otherChemCAS clonidine, 4205-90-7, 4205-91-8, 57066-25-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS desflurane, 57041-67-5
dc.subject.otherChemCAS dexmedetomidine, 113775-47-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS diazepam, 439-14-5
dc.subject.otherChemCAS fentanyl, 437-38-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS halothane, 151-67-7, 66524-48-9
dc.subject.otherChemCAS isoflurane, 26675-46-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS ketamine, 1867-66-9, 6740-88-1, 81771-21-3
dc.subject.otherChemCAS melatonin, 73-31-4
dc.subject.otherChemCAS midazolam, 59467-70-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS opiate, 53663-61-9, 8002-76-4, 8008-60-4
dc.subject.otherChemCAS oxycodone, 124-90-3, 76-42-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS propofol, 2078-54-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS sevoflurane, 28523-86-6
dc.subject.otherIndex alpha 2 adrenergic receptor stimulating agent
dc.subject.otherIndex anesthetic agent
dc.subject.otherIndex benzodiazepine derivative
dc.subject.otherIndex clonidine
dc.subject.otherIndex desflurane
dc.subject.otherIndex dexmedetomidine
dc.subject.otherIndex diazepam
dc.subject.otherIndex fentanyl
dc.subject.otherIndex halothane
dc.subject.otherIndex hypnotic agent
dc.subject.otherIndex isoflurane
dc.subject.otherIndex ketamine
dc.subject.otherIndex long acting drug
dc.subject.otherIndex melatonin
dc.subject.otherIndex midazolam
dc.subject.otherIndex opiate
dc.subject.otherIndex oxycodone
dc.subject.otherIndex propofol
dc.subject.otherIndex sevoflurane
dc.subject.otherIndex agitation
dc.subject.otherIndex anesthesia
dc.subject.otherIndex anxiety
dc.subject.otherIndex arousal
dc.subject.otherIndex behavior disorder
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex cognition
dc.subject.otherIndex emergence agitation
dc.subject.otherIndex emotion
dc.subject.otherIndex general anesthesia
dc.subject.otherIndex head and neck surgery
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex impulsiveness
dc.subject.otherIndex nonhuman
dc.subject.otherIndex pain
dc.subject.otherIndex postoperative pain
dc.subject.otherIndex premedication
dc.subject.otherIndex preoperative period
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex review
dc.subject.otherIndex risk assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex social behavior
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus
dc.subject.otherWOS


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