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Psychological distress after the occupation: A community cross-sectional survey from Lebanon

Show simple item record Roberto S.B. Chaaya M. Fares J.E. Khirs J.A.
dc.contributor.editor 2006 2017-10-05T15:38:56Z 2017-10-05T15:38:56Z 2006
dc.identifier 10.1348/135910705X87536
dc.description.abstract Objectives. Jezzine inhabitants were exposed to war stressors for 17 years. This study aims at determining the prevalence of psychiatric distress (PD) among Jezzine citizens who were exposed to war for 17 years and to identify associated factors. Design. Cross-sectional study. Methods. A sample of 142 citizens was randomly selected from a population of 5,000. A novel questionnaire was used to collect data on war exposure, socioeconomic and demographic variables. PD was assessed using GHQ-12. Data were analysed by logistic regression. Results. PD was found in 26percent of Jezzine residents. PD was associated with age, marital status, education, experience of war-related events, chronic illness and alcohol drinking. After adjusting for all variables, PD remained significantly correlated with older age and low education (odds ratios were 7.59 and 4.28, respectively). Conclusions. The prevalence of PD among the residents of Jezzine after a year of the Israeli withdrawal was similar to that reported in other communities whether they were, or were not, exposed to war stress. Higher prevalence among older and less educated individuals suggests the presence of a significant age cohort effect and cognitive construal factors for PD among persons chronically exposed to war-related stressors. © 2006 The British Psychological Society.
dc.format.extent Pages: (695-702)
dc.language English
dc.publisher LEICESTER
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: British Journal of Health Psychology; Publication Year: 2006; Volume: 11; no. 4; part 4; Pages: (695-702);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Psychological distress after the occupation: A community cross-sectional survey from Lebanon
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Roberto, S.B., Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Chaaya, M., Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Fares, J.E., Department of Internal Medicine, Division Endocrinology and Metabolism, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Khirs, J.A., Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Chaaya, M.; Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Internal Medicine; Division: Endocrinology;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Internal Medicine
dc.contributor.authorDivision Endocrinology
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Roberto, SB
dc.contributor.authorInitials Chaaya, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Fares, JE
dc.contributor.authorInitials Khirs, JA
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Chaaya, M (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Hlth Sci, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
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dc.description.citedCount 5
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 2
dc.description.citedWOSCount 2
dc.format.extentCount 8
dc.identifier.coden BJHPF
dc.identifier.pubmedID 17032492
dc.identifier.scopusID 33751540439
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Br. J. Health Psychol.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 4
dc.relation.ispartOfPart 4
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle British Journal of Health Psychology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Br. J. Health Psychol.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 11
dc.source.ID WOS:000242090700010
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex aged
dc.subject.otherIndex alcohol consumption
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex chronic disease
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex distress syndrome
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex General Health Questionnaire
dc.subject.otherIndex health survey
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex medical assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomics
dc.subject.otherIndex war
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Catchment Area (Health)
dc.subject.otherIndex Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Demography
dc.subject.otherIndex Depression
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Occupations
dc.subject.otherIndex Prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex Questionnaires
dc.subject.otherIndex Residence Characteristics
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MENTAL-HEALTH
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PRIMARY-CARE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus GULF-WAR
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus POPULATION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DISORDER
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus EXPOSURE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CHILDREN
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STRESS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ISRAEL
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus IMPACT
dc.subject.otherWOS Psychology, Clinical

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