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Challenges facing human rabies control: The Lebanese experience

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dc.contributor.author Bizri A.
dc.contributor.author Alawieh A.
dc.contributor.author Ghosn N.
dc.contributor.author Berry A.
dc.contributor.author Musharrafieh U.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-05T15:40:21Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-05T15:40:21Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.1017/S0950268813002392
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 09502688
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/17396
dc.description.abstract Rabies is one of the most important zoonotic infections worldwide. The burden of the disease continues to be significant in countries in the Middle East where the most important vector is stray dogs. Control efforts are hindered by lack of awareness and incomplete post-exposure prophylaxis. The aim of this article is to re-assess the situation of rabies in Lebanon and compare it to other Middle Eastern countries. Eight cases of rabies and 5280 incidents of animal bites to humans were reported to the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health between 2001 and 2012. Dogs were the only vector of infection and were responsible for most reported animal bites to humans. An average of 3·2 doses of vaccine per bite was administered as post-exposure prophylaxis. The status of human and canine rabies control, the risks associated with children's behaviour and the hazards of secondary wild reservoirs are discussed. Our data illustrates the importance of prevention through vector control, public awareness and education, and timely administration of active and passive immunization, as well as the significance of regional cooperation and monitoring the circulation of viral variants in wild animals. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (1486-1494)
dc.language English
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press; NEW YORK
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Epidemiology and Infection; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 142; no. 7; Pages: (1486-1494);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Challenges facing human rabies control: The Lebanese experience
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Bizri, A., Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Alawieh, A., Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Ghosn, N., Epidemiological Surveillance Department, Ministry of Public Health, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Berry, A., Communicable Diseases Department, Ministry of Public Health, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Musharrafieh, U., Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon, Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Musharrafieh, U.; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; email: ali.alawieh1@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Internal Medicine; Division: Infectious Diseases;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Internal Medicine
dc.contributor.authorDivision Infectious Diseases
dc.contributor.authorEmail ali.alawieh1@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Bizri, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Alawieh, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ghosn, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Berry, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Musharrafieh, U
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Musharrafieh, U (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Med Ctr, Dept Family Med, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
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dc.description.citedCount
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dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 9
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden EPINE
dc.identifier.pubmedID 24067449
dc.identifier.scopusID 84901429839
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address 32 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NY 10013-2473 USA
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Epidemiol. Infect.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 7
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Epidemiology and Infection
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Epidemiol. Infect.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 142
dc.source.ID WOS:000337306100018
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Rabies (human)
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword virology
dc.subject.otherChemCAS
dc.subject.otherIndex rabies vaccine
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex child behavior
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex disease carrier
dc.subject.otherIndex dog bite
dc.subject.otherIndex ethnic group
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex infection control
dc.subject.otherIndex infection risk
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanese
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex post exposure prophylaxis
dc.subject.otherIndex rabies
dc.subject.otherIndex vaccination
dc.subject.otherIndex virus transmission
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Animals
dc.subject.otherIndex Bites and Stings
dc.subject.otherIndex Child
dc.subject.otherIndex Child, Preschool
dc.subject.otherIndex Dogs
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Infant
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Rabies
dc.subject.otherIndex Young Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Zoonoses
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DOG-BITE INJURIES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus UNITED-STATES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ELIMINATION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus VACCINATION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus BURDEN
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DISEASE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AFRICA
dc.subject.otherWOS Public, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subject.otherWOS Infectious Diseases


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