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Effect of war on the menstrual cycle

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dc.contributor.author Hannoun A.B.
dc.contributor.author Nassar A.H.
dc.contributor.author Usta I.M.
dc.contributor.author Zreik T.G.
dc.contributor.author Abu Musa A.A.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date Apr-2007
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-05T15:46:58Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-05T15:46:58Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier 10.1097/01.AOG.0000257170.83920.de
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 00297844
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/18592
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a short period of war on the menstrual cycles of exposed women. METHODS: Six months after a 16-day war, women in exposed villages aged 15-45 years were asked to complete a questionnaire relating to their menstrual history at the beginning, 3 months after, and 6 months after the war. A control group, not exposed to war, was also interviewed. The data collected were analyzed to estimate the effect of war on three groups of women: those who stayed in the war zone for 3-16 days (Group A), those who were displaced within 2 days to safer areas (Group B), and women not exposed to war or displacement (Group C-control). RESULTS: More than 35percent of women in Group A and 10.5percent in Group B had menstrual aberrations 3 months after the cessation of the war. These percentages were significantly different from each other and from that in Group C (2.6percent). Six months after the war most women regained their regular menstrual cycles with the exception of 18.6percent in Group A. CONCLUSION: We found a short period of war, acting like an acute stressful condition, resulted in menstrual abnormalities in 10-35percent of women and is probably related to the duration of exposure to war. This might last beyond the war time and for more than one or two cycles. In most women the irregular cycles reversed without any medical intervention. © 2007 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (929-932)
dc.language English
dc.publisher PHILADELPHIA
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Obstetrics and Gynecology; Publication Year: 2007; Volume: 109; no. 4; Pages: (929-932);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Effect of war on the menstrual cycle
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Hannoun, A.B., American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Nassar, A.H., American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Usta, I.M., American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Zreik, T.G., American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Abu Musa, A.A., American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Hannoun, A.B.; American University of Beirut, Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; email: ahannoun@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Obstetrics and Gynecology;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Obstetrics and Gynecology
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail ahannoun@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hannoun, AB
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nassar, AH
dc.contributor.authorInitials Usta, IM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Zreik, TG
dc.contributor.authorInitials Abu Musa, AA
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hannoun, AB (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Med Ctr, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.description.cited BASS F, 1947, GYNAECOLOGIA, V123, P11; Bromberger JT, 2001, AM J PUBLIC HEALTH, V91, P1435, DOI 10.2105-AJPH.91.9.1435; CARPENTER SE, 1994, CURR OPIN OBSTET GYN, V6, P536; Demir S C, 2000, J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol, V13, P171, DOI 10.1016-S1083-3188(00)00061-9; DREW FL, 1961, J CHRON DIS, V14, P396, DOI 10.1016-0021-9681(61)90138-2; Fenster L, 1999, AM J EPIDEMIOL, V149, P127; Hjollund NHI, 1999, FERTIL STERIL, V72, P47, DOI 10.1016-S0015-0282(99)00186-7; JEYASEELAN L, 1995, HUM BIOL, V67, P283; Petit NF, 1996, WOMEN HEALTH ISS, V6, P358; Speroff L, 2005, CLIN GYNECOLOGIC END, P465; VANDERWALT LA, 1978, J CLIN ENDOCR METAB, V46, P658; Wardell D W, 2001, J Am Acad Nurse Pract, V13, P187; Whitacre Frank E., 1944, JOUR AMER MED ASSOC, V124, P399; Xiao E, 1999, J CLIN ENDOCR METAB, V84, P623, DOI 10.1210-jc.84.2.623
dc.description.citedCount 8
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 9
dc.description.citedWOSCount 7
dc.format.extentCount 4
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden OBGNA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 17400856
dc.identifier.scopusID 34147158793
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Obstet. Gynecol.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 4
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Obstetrics and Gynecology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Obstet. Gynecol.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 109
dc.source.ID WOS:000248384500020
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword
dc.subject.otherChemCAS
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex data analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex data collection method
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex human experiment
dc.subject.otherIndex menstrual cycle
dc.subject.otherIndex menstruation
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex questionnaire
dc.subject.otherIndex statistical analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex war
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Case-Control Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Health Surveys
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Incidence
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Menstrual Cycle
dc.subject.otherIndex Menstruation Disturbances
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Stress, Psychological
dc.subject.otherIndex War
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STRESS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DISTRESS
dc.subject.otherWOS Obstetrics and Gynecology


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