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Iron deficiency in young Lebanese children: Association with elevated blood lead levels

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dc.contributor.author Muwakkit S.
dc.contributor.author Nuwayhid I.
dc.contributor.author Nabulsi M.
dc.contributor.author Al Hajj R.
dc.contributor.author Khoury R.
dc.contributor.author Mikati M.
dc.contributor.author Abboud M.R.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date May-2008
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-05T16:01:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-05T16:01:00Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier 10.1097/MPH.0b013e318165b283
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 10774114
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/19255
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of transferrin saturation (TS) 12percent, and iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in Lebanese children, and their association with dietary habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and blood lead levels. PROCEDURE: A cross-sectional study was performed over a period of 2 years. Of 268 children studied, 142 (53percent) were boys and 126 (47percent) were girls with an age range of 11 to 75 months. Information collected included nutritional status, blood counts, TS, and blood lead levels. RESULTS: The total prevalence of TS12percent and IDA were 33.6percent and 20.5percent, respectively, and were associated with not having received iron supplements. IDA was more prevalent among males (P=0.04). TS12percent and IDA were significantly associated with elevated blood lead levels in the first age group (11 to 23 mo) (P=0.04, odds ratio=3.19) and (P=0.006, odds ratio=4.59), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IDA is common in Lebanese children and is associated with increased blood lead levels, lack of iron supplementation, and cultural dietary habits. Remedial measures such as iron fortification of commonly consumed food are needed on the national level. Lead exposure must be controlled and awareness must be raised about the potentially devastating consequences of combined iron deficiency and lead poisoning on young children. © 2008 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Inc.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (382-386)
dc.language English
dc.publisher PHILADELPHIA
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology; Publication Year: 2008; Volume: 30; no. 5; Pages: (382-386);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.subject.other
dc.title Iron deficiency in young Lebanese children: Association with elevated blood lead levels
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Muwakkit, S., Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology Oncology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Bld: 56, Clemenceau Street, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Nuwayhid, I., Department of Environmental Health, American University of Beirut
dc.contributor.affiliation Nabulsi, M., Department of Pediatrics, American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.contributor.affiliation Al Hajj, R., Department of Biology, American University of Beirut
dc.contributor.affiliation Khoury, R., Department of Biology, American University of Beirut
dc.contributor.affiliation Mikati, M., Department of Pediatrics, American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.contributor.affiliation Abboud, M.R., Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology Oncology, American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.contributor.authorAddress Muwakkit, S.; American University of Beirut Medical Center, Bld: 56, Clemenceau Street, Beirut, Lebanon; email: samar.muwakkit@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail sm03@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Muwakkit, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nuwayhid, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nabulsi, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials al Hajj, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Khoury, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mikati, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Abboud, MR
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Muwakkit, S (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Div Hematol Oncol, Bld 56,Clemenceau St,POB 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
dc.description.cited BELLINGER DC, 1992, PEDIATRICS, V90, P855; Bradman A, 2001, ENVIRON HEALTH PERSP, V109, P1079, DOI 10.2307-3454964; Bressler JP, 2004, ANN NY ACAD SCI, V1012, P142, DOI 10.1196-annals.1306.011; DALLMAN PR, 1993, HEMATOLOGY INFANCY C, P425; Galal O M, 2000, Public Health Rev, V28, P1; Griffin IJ, 2001, PEDIATR CLIN N AM, V48, P401, DOI 10.1016-S0031-3955(08)70033-6; Gunshin H, 1997, NATURE, V388, P482, DOI 10.1038-41343; Hammad TA, 1996, ANN EPIDEMIOL, V6, P30, DOI 10.1016-1047-2797(95)00097-6; Hassan K, 1997, J NUTR, V127, P2194; HERSHKO C, 1984, ISRAEL J MED SCI, V20, P1039; Kadivar Mohamad Rahim, 2003, Med Sci Monit, V9, pCR100; KARR MA, 2001, MED J AUSTRALIA, V174, P162; Miller CJ, 2003, SAUDI MED J, V24, P609; Musaiger Abdulrahman O., 2002, Nutrition and Health (Bicester), V16, P161; Nuwayhid Iman, 2003, Environ Health, V2, P5, DOI 10.1186-1476-069X-2-5; Paracha Parvez I., 1997, JPMA (Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association), V47, P49; Pennington J.A.T., 1998, BOWES CHURCHS FOOD V; Tallkvist J, 2001, TOXICOL LETT, V122, P171, DOI 10.1016-S0378-4274(01)00363-0; Wright RO, 2003, J PEDIATR, V142, P9, DOI 10.1067-mpd.2003.44; Zimmermann MB, 2005, AM J CLIN NUTR, V81, P115
dc.description.citedCount 14
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 15
dc.description.citedWOSCount 13
dc.format.extentCount 5
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden JPHOF
dc.identifier.pubmedID 18458574
dc.identifier.scopusID 43149124176
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 5
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 30
dc.source.ID WOS:000255614700010
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Blood lead levels
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Children
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Iron deficiency
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon
dc.subject.otherChemCAS ascorbic acid, 134-03-2, 15421-15-5, 50-81-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS lead, 7439-92-1
dc.subject.otherChemCAS transferrin, 82030-93-1
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Ascorbic Acid, 50-81-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Lead, 7439-92-1
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Transferrin, 11096-37-0
dc.subject.otherIndex ascorbic acid
dc.subject.otherIndex lead
dc.subject.otherIndex transferrin
dc.subject.otherIndex age distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex blood cell count
dc.subject.otherIndex breast milk
dc.subject.otherIndex chicken
dc.subject.otherIndex cultural factor
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex dietary intake
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex infant
dc.subject.otherIndex iron deficiency
dc.subject.otherIndex iron deficiency anemia
dc.subject.otherIndex iron therapy
dc.subject.otherIndex lead blood level
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex meat
dc.subject.otherIndex milk
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional status
dc.subject.otherIndex preschool child
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex social aspect
dc.subject.otherIndex vitamin intake
dc.subject.otherIndex Anemia, Iron-Deficiency
dc.subject.otherIndex Animals
dc.subject.otherIndex Ascorbic Acid
dc.subject.otherIndex Child
dc.subject.otherIndex Child, Preschool
dc.subject.otherIndex Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Infant
dc.subject.otherIndex Lead
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Milk
dc.subject.otherIndex Phlebotomy
dc.subject.otherIndex Sepsis
dc.subject.otherIndex Transferrin
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN
dc.subject.otherWOS Oncology
dc.subject.otherWOS Hematology
dc.subject.otherWOS Pediatrics


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