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Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: Are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?

Show simple item record Schmitt D.P. Alcalay L. Allensworth M. Allik J. Ault L. Austers I. Bennett K.L. Bianchi G. Boholst F. Cunen M.A.B. Braeckman J. Brainerd Jr. E.G. Caral L.G.A. Caron G. Casullo M.M. Cunningham M. Daibo I. De Backer C. De Souza E. Diaz-Loving R. Diniz G. Durkin K. Echegaray M. Eremsoy E. Euler H.A. Falzon R. Fisher M.L. Foley D. Fowler R. Fry D.P. Fry S. Ghayur M.A. Giri V.N. Golden D.L. Grammer K. Grimaldi L. Halberstadt J. Haque S. Herrera D. Hertel J. Hitchell A. Hoffmann H. Hooper D. Hradilekova Z. Hudek-Kene-Evi J. Huffcutt A. Jaafar J. Jankauskaite M. Kabangu-Stahel H. Kardum I. Khoury B. Kwon H. Laidra K. Laireiter A.-R. Lakerveld D. Lampert A. Lauri M. Lavallee M. Lee S.-J. Leung L.C. Locke K.D. Locke V. Luksik I. Magaisa I. Marcinkeviciene D. Mata A. Mata R. Mccarthy B. Mills M.E. Mkhize N.J. Moreira J. Moreira S. Moya M. Munyae M. Noller P. Olimat H. Opre A. Panayiotou A. Petrovic N. Poels K. Popper M. Poulimenou M. P'yatokha V. Raymond M. Reips U.-D. Reneau S.E. Rivera-Aragon S. Rowatt W.C. Ruch W. Rus V.S. Safir M.P. Salas S. Sambataro F. Sandnabba K.N. Schleeter R. Schulmeyer M.K. Schutz A. Scrimali T. Shackelford T.K.
dc.contributor.editor Jul-2004 2017-10-05T16:04:43Z 2017-10-05T16:04:43Z 2004
dc.identifier 10.1177/0022022104266105
dc.identifier.issn 00220221
dc.description.abstract As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completed the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), a self-report measure of adult romantic attachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically valid within most cultures. Contrary to expectations, the Model of Self and Model of Other dimensions of the RQ did not underlie the four-category model of attachment in the same way across all cultures. Analyses of specific attachment styles revealed that secure romantic attachment was normative in 79percent of cultures and that preoccupied romantic attachment was particularly prevalent in East Asian cultures. Finally, the romantic attachment profiles of individual nations were correlated with sociocultural indicators in ways that supported evolutionary theories of romantic attachment and basic human mating strategies.
dc.format.extent Pages: (367-402)
dc.language English
dc.publisher THOUSAND OAKS
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology; Publication Year: 2004; Volume: 35; no. 4; Pages: (367-402);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions: Are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?
dc.type Review
dc.contributor.affiliation Schmitt, D.P., Bradley University, United States, 105 Comstock Hall, Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 61625, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Alcalay, L., Pont. Univ. Católica de Chile, Chile
dc.contributor.affiliation Allensworth, M., Bradley University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Allik, J., University of Tartu, Estonia
dc.contributor.affiliation Ault, L., University of Louisville, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Austers, I., University of Latvia, Latvia
dc.contributor.affiliation Bennett, K.L., University of New Mexico, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Bianchi, G., Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliation Boholst, F., University of San Carlos, Philippines
dc.contributor.affiliation Cunen, M.A.B., University of Malta, Malta
dc.contributor.affiliation Braeckman, J., Ghent University, Belgium
dc.contributor.affiliation Brainerd Jr., E.G., Clemson University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Caral, L.G.A., University of San Carlos, Philippines
dc.contributor.affiliation Caron, G., Université of Laval, Canada
dc.contributor.affiliation Casullo, M.M., University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
dc.contributor.affiliation Cunningham, M., University of Louisville, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Daibo, I., Osaka University, Japan
dc.contributor.affiliation De Backer, C., Ghent University, Belgium
dc.contributor.affiliation De Souza, E., Illinois State University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Diaz-Loving, R., Natl. Autonomous Univ. of Mexico, Mexico
dc.contributor.affiliation Diniz, G., University of Brasilia, Brazil
dc.contributor.affiliation Durkin, K., University of Western Australia, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Echegaray, M., University of Lima, Peru
dc.contributor.affiliation Eremsoy, E., Bogaziçi Üniversitesi, Turkey
dc.contributor.affiliation Euler, H.A., University of Kassel, Germany
dc.contributor.affiliation Falzon, R., University of Malta, Malta
dc.contributor.affiliation Fisher, M.L., York University, Canada
dc.contributor.affiliation Foley, D., University of Queensland, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Fowler, R., Bradley University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Fry, D.P., Åbo Akademi University, Finland
dc.contributor.affiliation Fry, S., Åbo Akademi University, Finland
dc.contributor.affiliation Ghayur, M.A., Al-Akhawayn University, Morocco
dc.contributor.affiliation Giri, V.N., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
dc.contributor.affiliation Golden, D.L., University of Hawaii, Manoa, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Grammer, K., Ludwig-Boltzmann-Inst. Urban E., Austria
dc.contributor.affiliation Grimaldi, L., University of Catania, Italy
dc.contributor.affiliation Halberstadt, J., University of Otago, New Zealand
dc.contributor.affiliation Haque, S., University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
dc.contributor.affiliation Herrera, D., University of Lima, Peru
dc.contributor.affiliation Hertel, J., Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany
dc.contributor.affiliation Hitchell, A., Bradley University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Hoffmann, H., Knox College, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Hooper, D., University of Queensland, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Hradilekova, Z., Comenius University, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliation Hudek-Kene-Evi, J., University of Rijeka, Croatia
dc.contributor.affiliation Huffcutt, A., Bradley University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Jaafar, J., University of Malaya, Malaysia
dc.contributor.affiliation Jankauskaite, M., Vilnius University, Lithuania
dc.contributor.affiliation Kabangu-Stahel, H., Centre d'Enseignement les Gazelles, Democratic Republic Congo
dc.contributor.affiliation Kardum, I., University of Rijeka, Croatia
dc.contributor.affiliation Khoury, B., American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Kwon, H., Kwangju Health College, South Korea
dc.contributor.affiliation Laidra, K., University of Tartu, Estonia
dc.contributor.affiliation Laireiter, A.-R., Institute of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
dc.contributor.affiliation Lakerveld, D., University of Utrecht, Netherlands
dc.contributor.affiliation Lampert, A., Ruppin Institute, Israel
dc.contributor.affiliation Lauri, M., University of Malta, Malta
dc.contributor.affiliation Lavallée, M., Université of Laval, Canada
dc.contributor.affiliation Lee, S.-J., National Computerization Agency, South Korea
dc.contributor.affiliation Leung, L.C., City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
dc.contributor.affiliation Locke, K.D., University of Idaho, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Locke, V., University of Western Australia, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Luksik, I., Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliation Magaisa, I., University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
dc.contributor.affiliation Marcinkeviciene, D., Vilnius Univeristy, Lithuania
dc.contributor.affiliation Mata, A., University of Lisbon, Portugal
dc.contributor.affiliation Mata, R., University of Lisbon, Portugal
dc.contributor.affiliation Mccarthy, B., University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Mills, M.E., Loyola Marymount University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Mkhize, N.J., University of Natal, South Africa
dc.contributor.affiliation Moreira, J., University of Lisbon, Portugal
dc.contributor.affiliation Moreira, S., University of Lisbon, Portugal
dc.contributor.affiliation Moya, M., University of Granada, Spain
dc.contributor.affiliation Munyae, M., University of Botswana, Botswana
dc.contributor.affiliation Noller, P., University of Queensland, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Olimat, H., University of Jordan, Jordan
dc.contributor.affiliation Opre, A., Babes Bolyai University, Romania
dc.contributor.affiliation Panayiotou, A., University of Cyprus, Cyprus
dc.contributor.affiliation Petrovic, N., University of Belgrade
dc.contributor.affiliation Poels, K., Ghent University, Belgium
dc.contributor.affiliation Popper, M., Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
dc.contributor.affiliation Poulimenou, M., KPMG Kyriacou Counsultants SA, Greece
dc.contributor.affiliation P'yatokha, V., Volyn Regional Hospital, Ukraine
dc.contributor.affiliation Raymond, M., Université de Montpellier II, France
dc.contributor.affiliation Reips, U.-D., Universität Zürich, Switzerland
dc.contributor.affiliation Reneau, S.E., University of Alabama, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Rivera-Aragon, S., Natl. Autonomous Univ. of Mexico, Mexico
dc.contributor.affiliation Rowatt, W.C., Baylor University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Ruch, W., Queens University Belfast, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Rus, V.S., Univeristy of Ljubljana, Slovenia
dc.contributor.affiliation Safir, M.P., University of Haifa, Israel
dc.contributor.affiliation Salas, S., Universidad de La Serena, Chile
dc.contributor.affiliation Sambataro, F., University of Catania, Italy
dc.contributor.affiliation Sandnabba, K.N., Åbo Akademi University, Finland
dc.contributor.affiliation Schleeter, R., Bradley University, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Schulmeyer, M.K., Univ. Privada Santa Cruz Sierra, Bolivia
dc.contributor.affiliation Schütz, A., Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany
dc.contributor.affiliation Scrimali, T., University of Catania, Italy
dc.contributor.affiliation Shackelford, T.K., Florida Atlantic University, United States
dc.contributor.authorAddress Schmitt, D.P.; 105 Comstock Hall, Department of Psychology, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 61625, United States; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Psychiatry;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Psychiatry
dc.contributor.faculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Schmitt, DP
dc.contributor.authorInitials Diniz, G
dc.contributor.authorInitials Alcalay, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Durkin, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Allensworth, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Echegaray, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Allik, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Eremsoy, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ault, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Euler, HA
dc.contributor.authorInitials Austers, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Falzon, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Bennett, KL
dc.contributor.authorInitials Fisher, ML
dc.contributor.authorInitials Bianchi, G
dc.contributor.authorInitials Foley, D
dc.contributor.authorInitials Boholst, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Fowler, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Cunen, MAB
dc.contributor.authorInitials Fry, DP
dc.contributor.authorInitials Braeckman, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Fry, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Brainerd, EG
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ghayur, MA
dc.contributor.authorInitials Caral, LGA
dc.contributor.authorInitials Giri, VN
dc.contributor.authorInitials Caron, G
dc.contributor.authorInitials Golden, DL
dc.contributor.authorInitials Casullo, MM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Grammer, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Cunningham, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Grimaldi, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Daibo, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Halberstadt, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials De Backer, C
dc.contributor.authorInitials Haque, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials De Souza, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Herrera, D
dc.contributor.authorInitials Diaz-Loving, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hertel, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Luksik, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hitchell, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Magaisa, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hoffmann, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Marcinkeviciene, D
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hooper, D
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mata, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hradilekova, Z
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mata, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hudek-Kene-Evi, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials McCarthy, B
dc.contributor.authorInitials Huffcutt, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mills, ME
dc.contributor.authorInitials Jaafar, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mkhize, NJ
dc.contributor.authorInitials Jankauskaite, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Moreira, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kabangu-Stahel, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Moreira, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kardum, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Moya, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Khoury, B
dc.contributor.authorInitials Munyae, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kwon, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Noller, P
dc.contributor.authorInitials Laidra, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Olimat, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Laireiter, AR
dc.contributor.authorInitials Opre, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lakerveld, D
dc.contributor.authorInitials Panayiotou, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lampert, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Petrovic, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lauri, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Poels, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lavallee, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Popper, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lee, SJ
dc.contributor.authorInitials Poulimenou, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Leung, LC
dc.contributor.authorInitials P'Yatokha, V
dc.contributor.authorInitials Locke, KD
dc.contributor.authorInitials Raymond, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Locke, V
dc.contributor.authorInitials Reips, UD
dc.contributor.authorInitials Reneau, SE
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sumer, HC
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sumer, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Rivera-Aragon, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Supekova, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Rowatt, WC
dc.contributor.authorInitials Szlendak, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ruch, W
dc.contributor.authorInitials Taylor, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Rus, VS
dc.contributor.authorInitials Timmermans, B
dc.contributor.authorInitials Safir, MP
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tooke, W
dc.contributor.authorInitials Salas, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tsaousis, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sambataro, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tungaraza, FSK
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sandnabba, KN
dc.contributor.authorInitials Turner, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Schleeter, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Vandermassen, G
dc.contributor.authorInitials Schulmeyer, MK
dc.contributor.authorInitials Vanhoomissen, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Van Overwalle, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Schutz, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Vanwesenbeeck, I
dc.contributor.authorInitials Scrimali, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Vasey, PL
dc.contributor.authorInitials Shackelford, TK
dc.contributor.authorInitials Verissimo, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sharan, MB
dc.contributor.authorInitials Voracek, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Shaver, PR
dc.contributor.authorInitials Wan, WWN
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sichona, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Wang, TW
dc.contributor.authorInitials Simonetti, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Weiss, P
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sineshaw, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Wijaya, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sookdew, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Woertman, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Speelman, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Youn, G
dc.contributor.authorInitials Spyrou, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Zupaneie, A
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID Moreira, Joao-0000-0003-3465-7046; Grammer, Karl-0000-0001-7801-6131; Sambataro, Fabio-0000-0003-2102-416X; Moya Morales, Miguel-0000-0003-2421-7282;
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Schmitt, DP (reprint author), Bradley Univ, Dept Psychol, 105 Comstock Hall, Peoria, IL 61625 USA.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID Moreira, Joao-C-4723-2008; Allik, Juri-D-5609-2009; Grammer, Karl-A-5012-2011; Sambataro, Fabio-E-3426-2010; Moya Morales, Miguel-B-4381-2011; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich-A-5177-2012
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
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dc.description.citedCount 64
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 86
dc.description.citedWOSCount 85
dc.format.extentCount 36
dc.identifier.scopusID 3042733777
dc.publisher.address 2455 TELLER RD, THOUSAND OAKS, CA 91320 USA
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Cross-Cult. Psychol.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 4
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Cross-Cult. Psychol.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 35
dc.source.ID WOS:000222193200001
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Culture
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Human mating strategies
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Internal working models
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Romantic attachment
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WORKING MODELS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus UNITED-STATES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PERSONALITY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ORGANIZATION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STYLES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus LOVE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PERSPECTIVE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DIMENSIONS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STABILITY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SECURITY
dc.subject.otherWOS Psychology, Social

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