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Vertical and horizontal coordinates of the nipple-areola complex position in males

Show simple item record Atiyeh B.S. Dibo S.A. El Chafic A.H.
dc.contributor.editor Nov-2009 2017-10-05T16:07:27Z 2017-10-05T16:07:27Z 2009
dc.identifier 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181953854
dc.identifier.issn 01487043
dc.description.abstract After massive weight loss, male breasts in particular are one of the most disturbing body regions and can be a difficult area to treat often requiring nipple-areola repositioning. The need for bilateral repositioning of the nipple-areola complex is also increasing in other surgical fields such as in female-to-male transsexual patients with large breasts and in patients with severe forms of gynecomastia. Proper configuration and localization of the nipple-areola complex requires both meticulous planning and a thorough understanding of the male anatomy and is essential in determining final aesthetic outcome. Currently available guidelines create areolas that are too large, place the nipple-areola complex too high and too far medially, and-or require complex abstract mathematical calculations. Relying on the recently appreciated aesthetic value of the golden number Phi (Φ) we propose an easy and reliable method to determine the horizontal and vertical coordinates of the male nipples. With only 2 easily measurable distances, umbilicus-anterior axillary fold apex and umbilicus-suprasternal notch, the internipple distance and the position of the horizontal nipple plane relative to the suprasternal notch can be calculated. The internipple distance can be determined with 95percent accuracy and the distance from the suprasternal notch can be determined in 80percent of cases within a range of 3.33 ± 1.25 cm. Copyright © 2009 by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
dc.format.extent Pages: (499-502)
dc.language English
dc.publisher PHILADELPHIA
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Annals of Plastic Surgery; Publication Year: 2009; Volume: 63; no. 5; Pages: (499-502);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Vertical and horizontal coordinates of the nipple-areola complex position in males
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Atiyeh, B.S., Division Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University, Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Dibo, S.A., Department of Surgery, American University, Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation El Chafic, A.H., Department of Internal Medicine, American University, Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Atiyeh, B. S.; Division Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University, Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut Medical Center; Faculty: Faculty of Medicine; Department: Surgery; Division: Plastic Surgery;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Surgery
dc.contributor.authorDivision Plastic Surgery
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.authorInitials Atiyeh, BS
dc.contributor.authorInitials Dibo, SA
dc.contributor.authorInitials El Chafic, AH
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Atiyeh, BS (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Med Ctr, Div Plast and Reconstruct Surg, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut Medical Center
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dc.description.citedCount 2
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 0
dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 4
dc.identifier.coden APCSD
dc.identifier.pubmedID 19806044
dc.identifier.scopusID 70350625116
dc.publisher.address 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Ann. Plast. Surg.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 5
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Annals of Plastic Surgery
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Ann. Plast. Surg.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 63
dc.source.ID WOS:000271266100007
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Golden number
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Internipple distance
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Male nipple areiola complex
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass
dc.subject.otherIndex breast areola
dc.subject.otherIndex height
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex human experiment
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex male breast
dc.subject.otherIndex measurement
dc.subject.otherIndex position
dc.subject.otherIndex practice guideline
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex weight
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Nipples
dc.subject.otherIndex Reference Values
dc.subject.otherIndex Young Adult
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus MASSIVE WEIGHT-LOSS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus TO-MALE TRANSSEXUALS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus BARIATRIC SURGERY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus GYNECOMASTIA
dc.subject.otherWOS Surgery

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