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Effect of Melia azedarach L. extract on Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its biocontrol agent Diglyphus isaea (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)

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dc.contributor.author Abou-Fakhr Hammad E.M.
dc.contributor.author Heather J McAuslane H.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2010
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:13:47Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:13:47Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 14590255
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20186
dc.description.abstract The chinaberry tree, Melia azedarach L., is known to have different effects on insect pests and their biological control agents. We studied the effects of extracts of mature and immature M. azedarach fruits on survival of the vegetable leafminer Liriomyza sativae Blanchard and the parasitoid Diglyphus isaea (Walker) under laboratory conditions. Survival of first instar larvae was tested by exposing female leafminers to treated and untreated cowpea seedlings with Melia extracts. Initiation of mines and survival of those first instars to pupation and adulthood were recorded. Seedlings infested with third instar larvae or with larvae 4 d post-parasitism by D. isaea were dipped in plant extracts. Survival to pupation and successful emergence of adult leafminers or parasitoids was recorded. In the test using first instars, there were few initiated larval mines on plants treated with the extract of immature fruits. Consequently, fewer leafminers survived to pupation on plants treated with the latter extract than on plants in other treatments. Survival of larvae on plants treated with extracts was not significantly different from that of the control. Leafminer survival to pupation on plants exposed to D. isaea alone was significantly lower than survival on the control plants. However, there was no significant difference in survival to pupation between the treatment with M. azedarach extract alone, the combined treatment of the parasitoid and M. azedarach extract, and the control. Percent of parasitism was similar in presence and absence offrait extracts. Thus, the use of extracts of M azedarach would be compatible with biological control by the parasitoid D. isaea that contributes to lower leafminer populations.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (1247-1252)
dc.language English
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment; Publication Year: 2010; Volume: 8; Pages: (1247-1252);
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Effect of Melia azedarach L. extract on Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its biocontrol agent Diglyphus isaea (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Abou-Fakhr Hammad, E.M., Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Heather J McAuslane, H., University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States
dc.contributor.authorAddress Abou-Fakhr Hammad, E. M.; Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, Beirut, Lebanon; email: efat@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Agricultural Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Agricultural Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited
dc.description.citedCount 1
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount
dc.description.citedWOSCount
dc.format.extentCount 6
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.pubmedID
dc.identifier.scopusID 78751653619
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Food Agric. Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 8
dc.source.ID
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Biological control
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword botanical extract
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword chinaberry tree
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword diglyphus isaea
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword hydroponics
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword integrated pest management
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword leafminer
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword liriomyza sativae
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword melia azedarach
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword parasitoid
dc.subject.otherIndex Melia azedarach extract
dc.subject.otherIndex liriomyza sativae extract
dc.subject.otherIndex plant extract
dc.subject.otherIndex unclassified drug
dc.subject.otherIndex adulthood
dc.subject.otherIndex animal experiment
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex biological control agent
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex cowpea
dc.subject.otherIndex diglyphus isaea
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex fly
dc.subject.otherIndex fruit
dc.subject.otherIndex hymenoptera
dc.subject.otherIndex larva
dc.subject.otherIndex liriomyza sativae
dc.subject.otherIndex melia azedarach
dc.subject.otherIndex nonhuman
dc.subject.otherIndex parasitism
dc.subject.otherIndex parasitoid
dc.subject.otherIndex pupation
dc.subject.otherIndex seedling
dc.subject.otherIndex survival
dc.subject.otherIndex biological pest control
dc.subject.otherIndex plant parasitic plant disease
dc.subject.otherIndex agromyzidae
dc.subject.otherIndex diglyphus isaea
dc.subject.otherIndex diptera
dc.subject.otherIndex eulophidae
dc.subject.otherIndex hexapoda
dc.subject.otherIndex hymenoptera
dc.subject.otherIndex liriomyza sativae
dc.subject.otherIndex melia
dc.subject.otherIndex melia azedarach


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