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Development and validation of an Arab family food security scale

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dc.contributor.author Sahyoun N.R.
dc.contributor.author Nord M.
dc.contributor.author Sassine A.J.
dc.contributor.author Seyfert K.
dc.contributor.author Hwalla N.
dc.contributor.author Ghattas H.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.3945/jn.113.187112
dc.identifier.issn 223166
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20208
dc.description.abstract The objective of this article was to describe 1) the validation of 2 similar but not identical food security modules used to collect data from 2 vulnerable populations, southern Lebanon residents (n = 815) and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon (n = 2501), and 2) the development and validation of an Arab Family Food Security Scale (AFFSS). The surveys used a clusterrandomized sampling design. The 2 food security subscales underwent face and construct validity. In addition, both of these tools and the AFFSS underwent psychometric assessment for internal validity by using statistical methods based on Item Response Theory. The food security questions tested by focus groups were understood and accepted in all regions of Lebanon. The food security subscales and the AFFSS had acceptable levels of internal consistency. The psychometric assessment confirmed that the 7 items of the AFFSS had good internal validity and reasonable reliability with item in-fits from 0.73 to 1.16. Food insecurity was identified among 42percent of southern Lebanese and 62percent of Palestinian refugee households. The determinants and consequences of food security measured in this study provide additional support for the validity of the modules. Using multivariate logistic regression, the higher the mean monthly income per household member and the higher the educational attainment of the head of household, the lower the risk of food insecurity [ORs (95percent CIs): 0.99 (0.98, 0.99) and 0.66 (0.54, 0.80), respectively]. There was a strong significant association between food insecurity and lower food expenditure and lower intake of all food categories except for legumes, which was significantly associated in the opposite direction (P 0.001). The odds of borrowing money and accepting gifts-donations were significantly higher among moderately and severely food-insecure households (P 0.000). The AFFSS has been validated within Lebanon and can potentially be extended to other Arab-speaking populations. © 2014 American Society for Nutrition.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (751-757)
dc.language English
dc.publisher American Society for Nutrition; BETHESDA
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Nutrition; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 144; no. 5; Pages: (751-757);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Development and validation of an Arab family food security scale
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Sahyoun, N.R., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Nord, M., Economic Research Service, USDA, Washington, DC, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Sassine, A.J., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Seyfert, K., Department of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, London, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Hwalla, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Ghattas, H., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Sahyoun, N.R.; Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States; email: nsahyoun@umd.edu
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail nsahyoun@umd.edu
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sahyoun, NR
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nord, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sassine, AJ
dc.contributor.authorInitials Seyfert, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hwalla, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ghattas, H
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Sahyoun, NR (reprint author), Univ Maryland, Dept Nutr and Food Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 0
dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 7
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden JONUA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 24598883
dc.identifier.scopusID 84898851711
dc.publisher.address 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814 USA
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 5
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Nutrition
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 144
dc.source.ID WOS:000334970700025
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex arab
dc.subject.otherIndex arab family food security scale
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex cluster analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex construct validity
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex coping behavior
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex educational status
dc.subject.otherIndex face validity
dc.subject.otherIndex family assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex family attitude
dc.subject.otherIndex family size
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food insecurity
dc.subject.otherIndex food intake
dc.subject.otherIndex food quality
dc.subject.otherIndex food security
dc.subject.otherIndex health survey
dc.subject.otherIndex household
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex human experiment
dc.subject.otherIndex income
dc.subject.otherIndex internal consistency
dc.subject.otherIndex internal validity
dc.subject.otherIndex item response theory
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex linear regression analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex logistic regression analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex normal human
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional value
dc.subject.otherIndex outcome variable
dc.subject.otherIndex predictor variable
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex psychological theory
dc.subject.otherIndex psychometry
dc.subject.otherIndex qualitative research
dc.subject.otherIndex race difference
dc.subject.otherIndex rating scale
dc.subject.otherIndex refugee
dc.subject.otherIndex reliability
dc.subject.otherIndex risk assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomics
dc.subject.otherIndex theory validation
dc.subject.otherIndex validation study
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex arabs
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food habits
dc.subject.otherIndex food supply
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex logistic models
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex psychometrics
dc.subject.otherIndex questionnaires
dc.subject.otherIndex refugees
dc.subject.otherIndex reproducibility of results
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Insecurity
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus prevalence
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus campinas
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus hunger
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus brazil
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus module
dc.subject.otherWOS Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.113.187112


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