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Food insecurity among Iraqi refugees living in Lebanon, 10 years after the invasion of Iraq: Data from a household survey

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dc.contributor.author Ghattas H.
dc.contributor.author Sassine A.J.
dc.contributor.author Seyfert K.
dc.contributor.author Nord M.
dc.contributor.author Sahyoun N.R.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.1017/S0007114514000282
dc.identifier.issn 71145
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20209
dc.description.abstract Iraqi refugees in Lebanon are vulnerable to food insecurity because of their limited rights and fragile livelihoods. The objective of the present study was to assess household food insecurity among Iraqi refugees living in Lebanon, almost 10 years after the invasion of Iraq. A representative survey of 800 UN High Commissioner for Refugees-registered refugee households in Lebanon was conducted using multi-stage cluster random sampling. We measured food insecurity using a modified US Department of Agriculture household food security module. We collected data on household demographic, socio-economic, health, housing and dietary diversity status and analysed these factors by food security status. Hb level was measured in a subset of children below 5 years of age (n 85). Weighted data were used in univariate and multivariate analyses. Among the Iraqi refugee households surveyed (n 630), 20·1 percent (95 percent CI 17·3, 23·2) were found to be food secure, 35·5 percent (95 percent CI 32·0, 39·2) moderately food insecure and 44·4 percent (95 percent CI 40·8, 48·1) severely food insecure. Severe food insecurity was associated with the respondent's good self-reported health (OR 0·3, 95 percent CI 0·2, 0·5), length of stay as a refugee (OR 1·1, 95 percent CI 1·0, 1·2), very poor housing quality (OR 3·3, 95 percent CI 1·6, 6·5) and the number of children in the household (OR 1·2, 95 percent CI 1·0, 1·4), and resulted in poor dietary diversity (P 0·0001). Anaemia was found in 41 percent (95 percent CI 30·6, 51·9) of children below 5 years of age, but was not associated with food insecurity. High food insecurity, low diet quality and high prevalence of anaemia in Iraqi refugees living in Lebanon call for urgent programmes to address the food and health situation of this population with restricted rights. Copyright © The Authors 2014.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (70-79)
dc.language English
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press; CAMBRIDGE
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: British Journal of Nutrition; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 112; no. 1; Pages: (70-79);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Food insecurity among Iraqi refugees living in Lebanon, 10 years after the invasion of Iraq: Data from a household survey
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Ghattas, H., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236-NFSC, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Sassine, A.J., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236-NFSC, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Seyfert, K., Department of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, Thornhaugh Street, Russell-Square, London WC1H 0XG, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Nord, M., Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 355 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20024-3221, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Sahyoun, N.R., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, 7965 Baltimore Avenue, College Park, MD 20740, United States
dc.contributor.authorAddress Ghattas, H.; Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236-NFSC, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon; email: hg15@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail hg15@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ghattas, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sassine, AJ
dc.contributor.authorInitials Seyfert, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nord, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sahyoun, NR
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Ghattas, H (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Agr and Food Sci, Dept Nutr and Food Sci, POB 11-0236 NFSC, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 0
dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 10
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden BJNUA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 24739803
dc.identifier.scopusID 84902540163
dc.publisher.address EDINBURGH BLDG, SHAFTESBURY RD, CB2 8RU CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Br. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle British Journal of Nutrition
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Br. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 112
dc.source.ID WOS:000337755400008
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Household food insecurity
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword iraqi children
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword refugees
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Hemoglobin, 9008-02-0
dc.subject.otherIndex Hemoglobin
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex anemia
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex chronic disease
dc.subject.otherIndex data collection method
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex diabetes mellitus
dc.subject.otherIndex diet
dc.subject.otherIndex ethnic group
dc.subject.otherIndex family size
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food insecurity
dc.subject.otherIndex food security
dc.subject.otherIndex health status
dc.subject.otherIndex health survey
dc.subject.otherIndex hemoglobin blood level
dc.subject.otherIndex household
dc.subject.otherIndex housing
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex hypercholesterolemia
dc.subject.otherIndex hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex iraqi (people)
dc.subject.otherIndex ischemic heart disease
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional status
dc.subject.otherIndex refugee
dc.subject.otherIndex social status
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex anemia, iron-deficiency
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex diet
dc.subject.otherIndex diet surveys
dc.subject.otherIndex family characteristics
dc.subject.otherIndex food quality
dc.subject.otherIndex food supply
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex iraq
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex public housing
dc.subject.otherIndex refugees
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomic factors
dc.subject.otherIndex stress, psychological
dc.subject.otherIndex time factors
dc.subject.otherIndex war
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Nutrition examination survey
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus low-income women
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus preschool-children
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus national-health
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus underweight
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus security
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus colombia
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus adults
dc.subject.otherWOS Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114514000282


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