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Adolescent obesity in Syria: prevalence and associated factors

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dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Mehio-Sibai A.
dc.contributor.author Mrayati M.
dc.contributor.author Adra N.
dc.contributor.author Hwalla N.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2010
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:25Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:25Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.01042.x
dc.identifier.issn 3051862
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20271
dc.description.abstract Background: Data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Eastern Mediterranean countries remain scarce, particularly for children and adolescents. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of obesity and examine associated factors and covariates amongst school adolescents in Syria. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 776 adolescents (386 males and 390 females), aged 15-18 years, was conducted in six randomly chosen secondary schools in Damascus, the capital city of Syria. Anthropometric measurements and dietary assessment data were collected using standard methods and techniques. Overweight and obesity were defined according to World Health Organization 2007 child growth standards. Results: The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were estimated at 18.9 and 8.6percent, respectively. Carbohydrate and saturated fatty acid intakes were significantly higher amongst overweight and obese (250.66 and 32.82 g-day, respectively) as compared with normal weight adolescents (218.12 and 26.10 g-day, respectively). Regression analysis showed that the likelihood of obesity was significantly greater amongst adolescent boys than girls (OR = 2.30, P 0.05) and amongst subjects reporting family history of obesity (OR = 2.98, P 0.05). The odds of obesity increased consistently with increasing educational attainment of both parents and was higher (OR = 1.63) amongst adolescents reporting lower crowding index than their counterparts. Conclusion: Our findings of a positive association between obesity and socio-economic status measured by parental education and crowding index call for intervention strategies for the promotion of healthy dietary practices not only amongst school adolescents but also parents, targeting families as the unit of intervention. Further studies are needed to examine nutritional habits and food choices amongst families of different socio-economic strata. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (404-413)
dc.language English
dc.publisher MALDEN
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Child: Care, Health and Development; Publication Year: 2010; Volume: 36; no. 3; Pages: (404-413);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Adolescent obesity in Syria: prevalence and associated factors
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Mehio-Sibai, A., Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Mrayati, M., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Adra, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Hwalla, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Hwalla, N.; Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.o.Box: 110236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon; email: nahla@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail nahla@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nasreddine, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mehio-Sibai, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mrayati, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Adra, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hwalla, N
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hwalla, N (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Agr and Food Sci, Dept Nutr and Food Sci, POB 110236, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 12
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 9
dc.description.citedWOSCount 9
dc.format.extentCount 10
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden CCHDD
dc.identifier.pubmedID 19961497
dc.identifier.scopusID 77955237648
dc.publisher.address COMMERCE PLACE, 350 MAIN ST, MALDEN 02148, MA USA
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Child Care Health Dev.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 3
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Child: Care, Health and Development
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Child Care Health Dev.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 36
dc.source.ID WOS:000276489300016
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Adolescents
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword body mass index
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword damascus
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword nutrition survey
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword obesity
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword overweight
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword syria
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass
dc.subject.otherIndex body weight
dc.subject.otherIndex child nutrition
dc.subject.otherIndex clinical trial
dc.subject.otherIndex cultural factor
dc.subject.otherIndex education
dc.subject.otherIndex epidemiology
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex multicenter study
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex parent
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex sex difference
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomics
dc.subject.otherIndex syrian arab republic
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent nutritional physiological phenomena
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass index
dc.subject.otherIndex body weight
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-cultural comparison
dc.subject.otherIndex epidemiologic methods
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex parents
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factors
dc.subject.otherIndex sex factors
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomic factors
dc.subject.otherIndex syria
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Body-mass index
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus eastern-saudi-arabia
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus childhood obesity
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus risk-factors
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus cardiovascular-disease
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus metabolic syndrome
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus school-children
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus female students
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus overweight
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus determinants
dc.subject.otherWOS Psychology, Developmental
dc.subject.otherWOS Pediatrics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.01042.x


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