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The use of insecticide-treated nets for reducing malaria morbidity among children aged 6-59 months, in an area of high malaria transmission in central Côte d'Ivoire

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dc.contributor.author Koudou B.G.
dc.contributor.author Ghattas H.
dc.contributor.author Esse C.
dc.contributor.author Nsanzabana C.
dc.contributor.author Rohner F.
dc.contributor.author Utzinger J.
dc.contributor.author Faragher B.E.
dc.contributor.author Tschannen A.B.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2010
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:26Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:26Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier 10.1186/1756-3305-3-91
dc.identifier.issn 17563305
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20275
dc.description.abstract Background: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are an important tool for controlling malaria. Much attention has been devoted to determine both the effect of LLINs on the reduction of Plasmodium infection rate and on clinically-confirmed malaria cases in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out an epidemiological study to investigate whether LLINs impact on Plasmodium prevalence rate and the proportion of clinically-confirmed malaria cases, in five villages in the district of Toumodi, central Côte d'Ivoire. Methods: From April 2007 to November 2008, a community-based malaria control programme was implemented in the study villages, which involved large-scale distribution of LLINs, and training and sensitization activities within the community. We determined the effect of this programme on Plasmodium prevalence rate, clinically-confirmed malaria cases and proportion of high parasitaemia rates in children aged 6-59 months through a series of cross-sectional surveys starting in April 2007 and repeated once every 6 months. Results: We observed a significant decrease in the mean P. falciparum prevalence rate from April 2007 to April 2008 (p = 0.029). An opposite trend was observed from November 2007 to November 2008 when P. falciparum prevalence rate increased significantly (p = 0.003). Highly significant decreases in the proportions of clinical malaria cases were observed between April 2007 and April 2008 (p 0.001), and between November 2007 and November 2008 (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Large-scale distribution of LLINs, accompanied by training and sensitization activities, significantly reduced Plasmodium prevalence rates among young children in the first year of the project, whereas overall clinical malaria rates dropped over the entire 18-month project period. A decrease in community motivation to sleep under bed nets, perhaps along with changing patterns of malaria transmission, might explain the observed increase in the Plasmodium prevalence rate between November 2007 and November 2008. © 2010 Koudou et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
dc.format.extent
dc.language English
dc.publisher LONDON
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Parasites and Vectors; Publication Year: 2010; Volume: 3; no. 1;
dc.source Scopus
dc.title The use of insecticide-treated nets for reducing malaria morbidity among children aged 6-59 months, in an area of high malaria transmission in central Côte d'Ivoire
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Koudou, B.G., Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, United Kingdom, Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil, UFR Sciences de Nature, Université d'Abobo-Adjamé, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil
dc.contributor.affiliation Ghattas, H., MRC International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Essé, C., Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil, Institut d'Ethno Sociologie, Université de Cocody-Abidjan, 01 BP V34, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil
dc.contributor.affiliation Nsanzabana, C., Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
dc.contributor.affiliation Rohner, F., Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
dc.contributor.affiliation Utzinger, J., Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
dc.contributor.affiliation Faragher, B.E., Clinical Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Tschannen, A.B., Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Brazil
dc.contributor.authorAddress Koudou, B. G.; Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, United Kingdom; email: g.b.koudou@liv.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail g.b.koudou@liv.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Koudou, BG
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ghattas, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Esse, C
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nsanzabana, C
dc.contributor.authorInitials Rohner, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Utzinger, J
dc.contributor.authorInitials Faragher, BE
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tschannen, AB
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Koudou, BG (reprint author), Univ Liverpool, Liverpool Sch Trop Med, Vector Grp, Pembroke Pl, Liverpool L3 5QA, Merseyside, England.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 9
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 8
dc.description.citedWOSCount 7
dc.format.extentCount 1
dc.identifier.articleNo 91
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.scopusID 77956866233
dc.publisher.address 236 GRAYS INN RD, FLOOR 6, LONDON WC1X 8HL, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Parasites Vectors
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Parasites and Vectors
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Parasites Vectors
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 3
dc.source.ID WOS:000283258600001
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherIndex Insecticide
dc.subject.otherIndex anopheles gambiae
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex bed net
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex community program
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex cote d'ivoire
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex health program
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex infant
dc.subject.otherIndex infection rate
dc.subject.otherIndex large scale production
dc.subject.otherIndex malaria
dc.subject.otherIndex malaria control
dc.subject.otherIndex morbidity
dc.subject.otherIndex motivation
dc.subject.otherIndex nonhuman
dc.subject.otherIndex parasite transmission
dc.subject.otherIndex parasitemia
dc.subject.otherIndex plasmodium falciparum
dc.subject.otherIndex preschool child
dc.subject.otherIndex sensitization
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomics
dc.subject.otherIndex plasmodium falciparum
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Bed nets
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus controlled-trial
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus western kenya
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus urban malaria
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus mosquito nets
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus burkina-faso
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus epidemiology
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus prevention
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus mortality
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus curtains
dc.subject.otherWOS Parasitology
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-3-91


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