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Nutrition transition and cardiovascular disease risk factors in middle East and North Africa countries: Reviewing the evidence

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dc.contributor.author Mehio Sibai A.
dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Mokdad A.H.
dc.contributor.author Adra N.
dc.contributor.author Tabet M.
dc.contributor.author Hwalla N.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2010
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:27Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier 10.1159/000321527
dc.identifier.issn 2506807
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20279
dc.description.abstract Aim: To examine the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Middle East and North Africa countries and their associations with dietary behaviors as nutrition transition is unfolding in the region. Data: Data on CVD risk factors were collected from scholarly papers and a systematic review of published articles was performed. Dietary patterns were derived from the WHO Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Databases. Results: Wide variations exist across countries in the prevalence of CVD risk factors, namely obesity, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and physical inactivity, with some countries showing high values of certain factors which approach those observed in the developed world. In particular, obesity prevalence rates have reached alarming levels, particularly among women in the oil-rich countries (over 40percent), making it the most pressing health concern in the region. Trends in the dietary pattern illustrated a consistent rise in total energy supply by approximately 730 kcal per capita per day between 1970 and 2005. Dietary patterns showed an increased consumption of fat and animal protein and a decreased intake of carbohydrates, particularly whole grain cereals, and fresh fruits and vegetables. Conclusion: Regional differences were attributed to differences in lifestyle, occupation and a shift from traditional food habits. Our understanding of the CVD disparities across various geographic regions is key to our effort in planning relevant intervention programs. Public health efforts should focus on obesity, physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary practices. The success of these interventions depends on governmental commitment, multisectoral partnership and a consideration of the sociocultural norms of the target population. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (193-203)
dc.language English
dc.publisher BASEL
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism; Publication Year: 2010; Volume: 57; no. 41702; Pages: (193-203);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Nutrition transition and cardiovascular disease risk factors in middle East and North Africa countries: Reviewing the evidence
dc.type Review
dc.contributor.affiliation Mehio Sibai, A., Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Mokdad, A.H., Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Adra, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Tabet, M., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Hwalla, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Mehio Sibai, A.; Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail nahla@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sibai, AM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nasreddine, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Mokdad, AH
dc.contributor.authorInitials Adra, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Tabet, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hwalla, N
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hwalla, N (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Agr and Food Sci, Dept Nutr and Food Sci, POB 11-0236, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 38
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 40
dc.description.citedWOSCount 40
dc.format.extentCount 11
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden ANUMD
dc.identifier.pubmedID 21088386
dc.identifier.scopusID 78349293888
dc.publisher.address ALLSCHWILERSTRASSE 10, CH-4009 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Ann. Nutr. Metab.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 41702
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Ann. Nutr. Metab.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 57
dc.source.ID WOS:000286422900007
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Cardiovascular disease risk factors
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword diet
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword middle east and north africa region
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex Carbohydrate intake
dc.subject.otherIndex cardiovascular disease
dc.subject.otherIndex cigarette smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex developed country
dc.subject.otherIndex diabetes mellitus
dc.subject.otherIndex diet
dc.subject.otherIndex fat intake
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex hyperlipidemia
dc.subject.otherIndex hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex middle east
dc.subject.otherIndex north africa
dc.subject.otherIndex nutrition
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex physical activity
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex protein intake
dc.subject.otherIndex review
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex systematic review
dc.subject.otherIndex world health organization
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex africa, northern
dc.subject.otherIndex aged
dc.subject.otherIndex cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject.otherIndex diet
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food habits
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex life style
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex middle east
dc.subject.otherIndex nutrition disorders
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex public health
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factors
dc.subject.otherIndex sex factors
dc.subject.otherIndex young adult
dc.subject.otherIndex animalia
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Metabolic syndrome
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus saudi-arabia
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus diabetes-mellitus
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus physical-activity
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus urban-population
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus high prevalence
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus national-survey
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus united-states
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus obesity
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus adults
dc.subject.otherWOS Endocrinology and Metabolism
dc.subject.otherWOS Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000321527


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