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Ethnic differences in body fat distribution among Asian pre-pubertal children: A cross-sectional multicenter study

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dc.contributor.author Liu A.
dc.contributor.author Byrne N.M.
dc.contributor.author Kagawa M.
dc.contributor.author Ma G.
dc.contributor.author Kijboonchoo K.
dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Koon Poh B.
dc.contributor.author Ismail M.N.
dc.contributor.author Hills A.P.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2011
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:29Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:29Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier 10.1186/1471-2458-11-500
dc.identifier.issn 14712458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20285
dc.description.abstract Background: Ethnic differences in body fat distribution contribute to ethnic differences in cardiovascular morbidities and diabetes. However few data are available on differences in fat distribution in Asian children from various backgrounds. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore ethnic differences in body fat distribution among Asian children from four countries. Methods. A total of 758 children aged 8-10 y from China, Lebanon, Malaysia and Thailand were recruited using a non-random purposive sampling approach to enrol children encompassing a wide BMI range. Height, weight, waist circumference (WC), fat mass (FM, derived from total body water [TBW] estimation using the deuterium dilution technique) and skinfold thickness (SFT) at biceps, triceps, subscapular, supraspinale and medial calf were collected. Results: After controlling for height and weight, Chinese and Thai children had a significantly higher WC than their Lebanese and Malay counterparts. Chinese and Thais tended to have higher trunk fat deposits than Lebanese and Malays reflected in trunk SFT, trunk-upper extremity ratio or supraspinale-upper extremity ratio after adjustment for age and total body fat. The subscapular-supraspinale skinfold ratio was lower in Chinese and Thais compared with Lebanese and Malays after correcting for trunk SFT. Conclusions: Asian pre-pubertal children from different origins vary in body fat distribution. These results indicate the importance of population-specific WC cut-off points or other fat distribution indices to identify the population at risk of obesity-related health problems. © 2011 Liu et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
dc.format.extent
dc.language English
dc.publisher LONDON
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: BMC Public Health; Publication Year: 2011; Volume: 11;
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Ethnic differences in body fat distribution among Asian pre-pubertal children: A cross-sectional multicenter study
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Liu, A., National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Mater Mother's Hospital, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Byrne, N.M., Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Mater Mother's Hospital, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Kagawa, M., Institute of Nutrition Sciences, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama, Japan
dc.contributor.affiliation Ma, G., National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
dc.contributor.affiliation Kijboonchoo, K., Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University at Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Koon Poh, B., Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
dc.contributor.affiliation Ismail, M.N., Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
dc.contributor.affiliation Hills, A.P., Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Mater Mother's Hospital, Australia
dc.contributor.authorAddress Hills, A.P.; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Mater Mother's HospitalAustralia; email: professor.andrew.hills@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail professor.andrew.hills@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Liu, AL
dc.contributor.authorInitials Byrne, NM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kagawa, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ma, GS
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kijboonchoo, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nasreddine, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Poh, BK
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ismail, MN
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hills, AP
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hills, AP (reprint author), Griffith Univ, Griffith Hlth Inst, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 5
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 5
dc.description.citedWOSCount 5
dc.format.extentCount 1
dc.identifier.articleNo 500
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.pubmedID 21703012
dc.identifier.scopusID 79959452601
dc.publisher.address 236 GRAYS INN RD, FLOOR 6, LONDON WC1X 8HL, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr BMC Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle BMC Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr BMC Public Health
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 11
dc.source.ID WOS:000293328000001
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Body fat distribution
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword children
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword ethnicity
dc.subject.otherIndex Anthropometry
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex asia
dc.subject.otherIndex body fat distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex clinical trial
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex ethnology
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex methodology
dc.subject.otherIndex multicenter study
dc.subject.otherIndex anthropometry
dc.subject.otherIndex asia
dc.subject.otherIndex body fat distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Visceral adipose-tissue
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus international-diabetes-federation
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus american prepubertal children
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus waist circumference
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus cardiovascular risk
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus insulin-resistance
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus metabolic syndrome
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus african-american
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus chinese adolescents
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus mass index
dc.subject.otherWOS Public, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-500


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