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Ethnic differences in the relationship between body mass index and percentage body fat among Asian children from different backgrounds

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dc.contributor.author Liu A.
dc.contributor.author Byrne N.M.
dc.contributor.author Kagawa M.
dc.contributor.author Ma G.
dc.contributor.author Poh B.K.
dc.contributor.author Ismail M.N.
dc.contributor.author Kijboonchoo K.
dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Trinidad T.P.
dc.contributor.author Hills A.P.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2011
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:29Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:29Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier 10.1017/S0007114511001681
dc.identifier.issn 71145
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20288
dc.description.abstract Overweight and obesity in Asian children are increasing at an alarming rate; therefore a better understanding of the relationship between BMI and percentage body fat (percentBF) in this population is important. A total of 1039 children aged 8-10 years, encompassing a wide BMI range, were recruited from China, Lebanon, Malaysia, The Philippines and Thailand. Body composition was determined using the 2H dilution technique to quantify total body water and subsequently fat mass, fat-free mass and percentBF. Ethnic differences in the BMI-percentBF relationship were found; for example, percentBF in Filipino boys was approximately 2 percent lower than in their Thai and Malay counterparts. In contrast, Thai girls had approximately 2•0 percent higher percentBF values than in their Chinese, Lebanese, Filipino and Malay counterparts at a given BMI. However, the ethnic difference in the BMI-percentBF relationship varied by BMI. Compared with Caucasian children of the same age, Asian children had 3-6 units lower BMI at a given percentBF. Approximately one-third of the obese Asian children (percentBF above 25 percent for boys and above 30 percent for girls) in the study were not identified using the WHO classification and more than half using the International Obesity Task Force classification. Use of the Chinese classification increased the sensitivity. Results confirmed the necessity to consider ethnic differences in body composition when developing BMI cut-points and other obesity criteria in Asian children. © 2011 The Authors.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (1390-1397)
dc.language English
dc.publisher CAMBRIDGE
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: British Journal of Nutrition; Publication Year: 2011; Volume: 106; no. 9; Pages: (1390-1397);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Ethnic differences in the relationship between body mass index and percentage body fat among Asian children from different backgrounds
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Liu, A., National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Byrne, N.M., Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
dc.contributor.affiliation Kagawa, M., Institute of Nutrition Sciences, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama, Japan
dc.contributor.affiliation Ma, G., National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
dc.contributor.affiliation Poh, B.K., Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
dc.contributor.affiliation Ismail, M.N., Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
dc.contributor.affiliation Kijboonchoo, K., Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University at Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Trinidad, T.P., Department of Science and Technology, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Manila, Philippines
dc.contributor.affiliation Hills, A.P., National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
dc.contributor.authorAddress Hills, A.P.; National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China; email: a.hills@qut.edu.au
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail a.hills@qut.edu.au
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Liu, AL
dc.contributor.authorInitials Byrne, NM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kagawa, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ma, GS
dc.contributor.authorInitials Poh, BK
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ismail, MN
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kijboonchoo, K
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nasreddine, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Trinidad, TP
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hills, AP
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hills, AP (reprint author), Queensland Univ Technol, Inst Hlth and Biomed Innovat, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 6
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 7
dc.description.citedWOSCount 6
dc.format.extentCount 8
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden BJNUA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 21736824
dc.identifier.scopusID 80055051698
dc.publisher.address EDINBURGH BLDG, SHAFTESBURY RD, CB2 8RU CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Br. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 9
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle British Journal of Nutrition
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Br. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 106
dc.source.ID WOS:000296974400015
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Asian children
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword body composition
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword ethnicity
dc.subject.otherIndex Age
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex asian
dc.subject.otherIndex body composition
dc.subject.otherIndex body fat
dc.subject.otherIndex body height
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass
dc.subject.otherIndex body water
dc.subject.otherIndex body weight
dc.subject.otherIndex caucasian
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex china
dc.subject.otherIndex clinical classification
dc.subject.otherIndex ethnic difference
dc.subject.otherIndex fat free mass
dc.subject.otherIndex fat mass
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex gender
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex human experiment
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex malaysia
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex philippines
dc.subject.otherIndex school child
dc.subject.otherIndex sensitivity and specificity
dc.subject.otherIndex thailand
dc.subject.otherIndex adipose tissue
dc.subject.otherIndex asia, southeastern
dc.subject.otherIndex asian continental ancestry group
dc.subject.otherIndex body composition
dc.subject.otherIndex body fluid compartments
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass index
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex china
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex reference values
dc.subject.otherIndex sensitivity and specificity
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Fatness
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus adolescents
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus bmi
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus age
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus singapore
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus chinese
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus lipids
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus build
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus maori
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus risk
dc.subject.otherWOS Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001681


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