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Trends in overweight and obesity in Lebanon: evidence from two national cross-sectional surveys (1997 and 2009).

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dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Naja F.
dc.contributor.author Chamieh M.C.
dc.contributor.author Adra N.
dc.contributor.author Sibai A.M.
dc.contributor.author Hwalla N.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2012
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:34Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:34Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier
dc.identifier.isbn
dc.identifier.issn 14712458
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20303
dc.description.abstract Even though the obesity epidemic continues to grow in various parts of the world, recent reports have highlighted disparities in obesity trends across countries. There is little empirical evidence on the development and growth of obesity in Lebanon and other countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Acknowledging the need for effective obesity preventive measures and for accurate assessment of trends in the obesity epidemic, this study aims at examining and analyzing secular trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity over a 12-year period in Lebanon. Based on weight and height measurements obtained from two national cross-sectional surveys conducted in 1997 and 2009 on subjects 6 years of age and older, BMI was calculated and the prevalence of obesity was determined based on BMI for adults and BMI z-scores for children and adolescents, according to WHO criteria. Age -and sex- adjusted odds ratios for overweight and obesity were determined, with the 1997 year as the referent category. Annual rates of change in obesity prevalence per sex and age group were also calculated. The study samples included a total of 2004 subjects in the 1997 survey and 3636 in the 2009 survey. Compared to 1997, mean BMI values were significantly higher in 2009 among all age and sex groups, except for 6-9 year old children. Whereas the prevalence of overweight appeared stable over the study period in both 6-19 year old subjects (20.0percent vs. 21.2percent) and adults aged 20 years and above (37.0percent vs. 36.8percent), the prevalence of obesity increased significantly (7.3percent vs. 10.9percent in 6-19 year olds; 17.4percent vs. 28.2percent in adults), with the odds of obesity being 2 times higher in 2009 compared to 1997, in both age groups (OR = 1.96, 95percent CI:1.29-2.97 and OR = 2.01, 95percent CI: 1.67-2.43, respectively). The annual rates of change in obesity prevalence ranged between +4.1percent in children and adolescents and +5.2percent in adults. The study's findings highlight an alarming increase in obesity prevalence in the Lebanese population, over the 12-year study period, and alert to the importance of formulating policies and nutritional strategies to curb the obesity rise in the country.
dc.format.extent
dc.language English
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: BMC public health; Publication Year: 2012; Volume: 12; Pages: (798
dc.relation.ispartofseries
dc.relation.uri
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Trends in overweight and obesity in Lebanon: evidence from two national cross-sectional surveys (1997 and 2009).
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.affiliation Naja, F.
dc.contributor.affiliation Chamieh, M.C.
dc.contributor.affiliation Adra, N.
dc.contributor.affiliation Sibai, A.M.
dc.contributor.affiliation Hwalla, N.
dc.contributor.authorAddress Nasreddine, L.
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited
dc.description.citedCount 10
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount
dc.description.citedWOSCount
dc.format.extentCount -797
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.pubmedID 22984791
dc.identifier.scopusID 84866172980
dc.identifier.url
dc.publisher.address
dc.relation.ispartofConference
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceCode
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceDate
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceHosting
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceLoc
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceSponsor
dc.relation.ispartofConferenceTitle
dc.relation.ispartofFundingAgency
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfPart
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle BMC public health
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr BMC Public Health
dc.relation.ispartOfSpecialIssue
dc.relation.ispartOfSuppl
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 12
dc.source.ID
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword
dc.subject.otherChemCAS
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex age distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex sex ratio
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex age distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass index
dc.subject.otherIndex child
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex obesity
dc.subject.otherIndex overweight
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factors
dc.subject.otherIndex sex distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex young adult


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