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Association between dietary patterns and the risk of metabolic syndrome among Lebanese adults

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dc.contributor.author Naja F.
dc.contributor.author Nasreddine L.
dc.contributor.author Itani L.
dc.contributor.author Adra N.
dc.contributor.author Sibai A.M.
dc.contributor.author Hwalla N.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2013
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:24:34Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:24:34Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier 10.1007/s00394-011-0291-3
dc.identifier.issn 14366207
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20305
dc.description.abstract Purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its metabolic abnormalities among Lebanese adults, using data from a national nutrition survey. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis involving adults aged ≥18 years (n = 323) with no prior history of chronic diseases was conducted. Participants completed a brief sociodemographic and 61-item food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements and fasting blood samples were also obtained. The International Diabetes Federation criteria were used to classify study participants with the metabolic syndrome. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations of extracted patterns with MetS and its metabolic abnormalities. Results: Out of 323 participants, 112 (34.6percent) were classified as having MetS. Three dietary patterns were identified: Fast Food-Dessert, Traditional Lebanese, and High Protein. Compared with participants in the lowest quintile of the Fast Food-Dessert pattern, those in the highest quintile had significantly higher odds for MetS (OR, 3.13; 95percent CI: 1.36-7.22) and hyperglycemia (OR, 3.81; 95percent CI: 159-9.14). Subjects with the highest intake of the High Protein pattern had an increased risk for hypertension (OR, 2.98; 95percent CI: 1.26-7.02). The Traditional Lebanese pattern showed no association with MetS or its components. Conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrate a positive association of the Fast Food-Dessert pattern with MetS and hyperglycemia among Lebanese adults. These results may guide the development of improved preventive nutrition interventions in this adult population. © 2011 The Author(s).
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (97-105)
dc.language English
dc.publisher HEIDELBERG
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: European Journal of Nutrition; Publication Year: 2013; Volume: 52; no. 1; Pages: (97-105);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Association between dietary patterns and the risk of metabolic syndrome among Lebanese adults
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Naja, F., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon, Members of the Public Health and Nutrition (PHAN), Research Group, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Nasreddine, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon, Members of the Public Health and Nutrition (PHAN), Research Group, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Itani, L., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Adra, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon, Members of the Public Health and Nutrition (PHAN), Research Group, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Sibai, A.M., Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon, Members of the Public Health and Nutrition (PHAN), Research Group, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Hwalla, N., Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon, Members of the Public Health and Nutrition (PHAN), Research Group, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Hwalla, N.; Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon; email: nahla@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Nutrition and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail nahla@aub.edu.lb
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Naja, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Nasreddine, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Itani, L
dc.contributor.authorInitials Adra, N
dc.contributor.authorInitials Sibai, AM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Hwalla, N
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Hwalla, N (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Nutr and Food Sci, Fac Agr and Food Sci, POB 11-0236, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 2
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 4
dc.description.citedWOSCount 4
dc.format.extentCount 9
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden EJNUF
dc.identifier.pubmedID 22193708
dc.identifier.scopusID 84872676481
dc.publisher.address TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Eur. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle European Journal of Nutrition
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Eur. J. Nutr.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 52
dc.source.ID WOS:000313812100009
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Dietary pattern
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword factor analysis
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword lebanon
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword metabolic syndrome
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Blood glucose
dc.subject.otherChemCAS dietary proteins
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex anthropometry
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex blood sampling
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex diet restriction
dc.subject.otherIndex disease association
dc.subject.otherIndex ethnic group
dc.subject.otherIndex factorial analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex fast food
dc.subject.otherIndex feeding behavior
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food
dc.subject.otherIndex food frequency questionnaire
dc.subject.otherIndex food intake
dc.subject.otherIndex health survey
dc.subject.otherIndex high risk population
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex hyperglycemia
dc.subject.otherIndex hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanese
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex metabolic disorder
dc.subject.otherIndex metabolic syndrome x
dc.subject.otherIndex nutritional assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex patient coding
dc.subject.otherIndex population research
dc.subject.otherIndex preventive medicine
dc.subject.otherIndex prognosis
dc.subject.otherIndex protein diet
dc.subject.otherIndex risk assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factor
dc.subject.otherIndex traditional food
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex blood glucose
dc.subject.otherIndex blood pressure
dc.subject.otherIndex body mass index
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional studies
dc.subject.otherIndex dietary proteins
dc.subject.otherIndex fast foods
dc.subject.otherIndex fasting
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex food habits
dc.subject.otherIndex humans
dc.subject.otherIndex hyperglycemia
dc.subject.otherIndex hypertension
dc.subject.otherIndex intervention studies
dc.subject.otherIndex lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex life style
dc.subject.otherIndex linear models
dc.subject.otherIndex logistic models
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex metabolic syndrome x
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex multivariate analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex nutrition surveys
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex questionnaires
dc.subject.otherIndex risk factors
dc.subject.otherIndex socioeconomic factors
dc.subject.otherIndex young adult
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Cardiovascular-disease
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus insulin-resistance
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus meat intake
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus food
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus hypertension
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus population
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus women
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus prevalence
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus components
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus obesity
dc.subject.otherWOS Nutrition and dietetics
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-011-0291-3


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