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High incidence rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia

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dc.contributor.author Iyer A.
dc.contributor.author Kumosani T.
dc.contributor.author Azhar E.
dc.contributor.author Barbour E.
dc.contributor.author Harakeh S.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:27:37Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:27:37Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.3855/jidc.3589
dc.identifier.issn 20366590
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20372
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Nosocomial infections are normally hospital acquired. Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is very common and may be transmitted via a hand-to-nose route. The objective of the present study was to screen healthcare workers for the colonization of their nasal cavities with MRSA. Methodology: The study group included hospital staff such as nurses, doctors, and technicians. The control group included university students. For isolation, nasal swabs were taken from the volunteers and cultured on mannitol salt agar media selective for S. aureus. Suspected colonies were confirmed by PCR using specific primers for the coagulase and mecA gene. Typing of the coagulase-positive strains was done using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Results: The results indicated an incidence rate of 76percent among healthcare workers. This is in comparison with students who served as control and were negative for MRSA. Using RFLP, four different types of MRSA were confirmed. Conclusions: The results of this study are alarming. Effective control measures must be formulated and implemented to avoid indiscriminate use of antimicrobials and the spread of these infectious agents in the region. © 2014 Iyer et al.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (372-378)
dc.language English
dc.publisher Journal of Infection in Developing Countries; TRAMANIGLIO
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 8; no. 3; Pages: (372-378);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title High incidence rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Iyer, A., Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Kumosani, T., Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Azhar, E., Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Medical Laboratory Technology Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Barbour, E., Department of Biochemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Harakeh, S., Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.authorAddress Harakeh, S.; Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; email: sharakeh@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Animal and Veterinary Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Animal and Veterinary Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail sharakeh@gmail.com
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Iyer, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kumosani, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Azhar, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Barbour, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Harakeh, S
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Harakeh, S (reprint author), King Abdulaziz Univ, King Fahd Med Res Ctr, Special Infect Agents Unit Biosafety Level 3, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID barbour, elie-P-6166-2014; Harakeh, Steve-K-5709-2012
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited Cespedes C, 2002, J CLIN MICROBIOL, V40, P2594, DOI 10.1128-JCM.40.7.2594-2597.2002; Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute, 2007, PERF STAND ANT SUSC; Cook N, 1998, BURNS, V24, P91, DOI 10.1016-S0305-4179(97)00114-9; Desai R, 2011, AM J INFECT CONTROL, V39, P219, DOI 10.1016-j.ajic.2010.07.005; Ercis S, 2008, INDIAN J MED MICROBI, V26, P21; Foster T, 1996, MED MICROBIOLOGY; Gemmell CG, 2006, J ANTIMICROB CHEMOTH, V57, P589, DOI 10.1093-jac-dkl017; Gracas CM, 2008, BRAZ J INFECT DIS, V12, P6; Hawkins G, 2011, CLIN MICROBIOL REV, V24, P141; Himabindu M, 2009, AM J INFECT DIS, V5, P170; Hookey JV, 1998, J CLIN MICROBIOL, V36, P1083; Ishino K, 2007, J CLIN MICROBIOL, V45, P607, DOI 10.1128-JCM.02099-06; Kim YM, 2010, KOREAN J PEDIAT INFE, V17, P9; Kitti T, 2011, SE ASIAN J TROP MED, V42, P1498; Laub Krisztina, 2011, Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung, V58, P75, DOI 10.1556-AMicr.58.2011.1.8; Mathanraj S, 2009, INDIAN J MED MICROBI, V27, P62; MURAKAMI K, 1991, J CLIN MICROBIOL, V29, P2240; Patel Harsha, 2012, Anti-Infective Agents, V10, P149; Piechowicz L, 2011, FOLIA MICROBIOL, V56, P225, DOI 10.1007-s12223-011-0041-1; Preetha A, 2000, MCGILL J MED, V5, P80; Pruitt BA, 1998, WORLD J SURG, V22, P135; Rodriguez-Avial C, 2013, ENFERM INFEC MICR CL, V31, P516, DOI 10.1016-j.eimc.2012.09.017; Shrestha B, 2009, J NEPAL MED ASSOC, V48, P234; Sydnor RM, 2011, J HOSP INFECT, V77, P285; van Hal SJ, 2007, J CLIN MICROBIOL, V45, P2486, DOI 10.1128-JCM.00139-07
dc.description.citedCount
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 0
dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 7
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.scopusID 84896065464
dc.publisher.address JIDC CENT OFF PORTO CONTE RICERCHE RES CTR, S P 55, PORTO CONTE CAPO CACCIA KM 8.400 LOC, TRAMANIGLIO, 07041, ITALY
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 3
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 8
dc.source.ID WOS:000339926700018
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Burn unit
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword coagulase
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword meca gene
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword mrsa
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword nosocomial infections
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword rflp
dc.subject.otherIndex Biochemical marker
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterial growth
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterial strain
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterium colony
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterium identification
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterium isolation
dc.subject.otherIndex controlled study
dc.subject.otherIndex disk diffusion
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex health care personnel
dc.subject.otherIndex hospital infection
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex incidence
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex nose smear
dc.subject.otherIndex polymerase chain reaction
dc.subject.otherIndex restriction fragment length polymorphism
dc.subject.otherIndex saudi arabia
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Fragment-length-polymorphism
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus coagulase gene
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus infections
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus strains
dc.subject.otherWOS Infectious Diseases
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3855/jidc.3589


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