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Demographic distribution and transmission potential of influenza A and 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 in pilgrims

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dc.contributor.author Ashshi A.
dc.contributor.author Azhar E.
dc.contributor.author Johargy A.
dc.contributor.author Asghar A.
dc.contributor.author Momenah A.
dc.contributor.author Turkestani A.
dc.contributor.author Alghamdi S.
dc.contributor.author Memish Z.
dc.contributor.author Al-Ghamdi A.
dc.contributor.author Alawi M.
dc.contributor.author El-Kafrawy S.
dc.contributor.author Farouk M.
dc.contributor.author Harakeh S.
dc.contributor.author Kumosani T.
dc.contributor.author Makhdoum H.
dc.contributor.author Barbour E.K.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2014
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:27:37Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:27:37Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier 10.3855/jidc.4204
dc.identifier.issn 20366590
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20376
dc.description.abstract Introduction: The World Health Organization’s persistent reporting of global outbreaks of influenza A viruses, including the 2009 pandemic swine A H1N1 strain (H1N1pdm09), justified the targeted surveillance of pilgrims during their annual congregation that pools more than two million people from around 165 nations in a confined area of Makkah city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).Methodology: A total of 1,600 pilgrims were included in the targeted surveillance of influenza A and the 2009 pandemic swine H1N1 strain in the Hajj (pilgrimage) season of 2010. Each pilgrim responded to a demographic and health questionnaire. Collected oropharyngeal swabs were analyzed by real-time PCR for influenza A viruses, and positive samples were further analyzed for the presence of H1N1pdm09. Fisher’s exact test was applied in the analysis of the significance of the distribution of influenza-positive pilgrims according to demographic characters.Results: A total of 120 pilgrims (7.5percent) tested positive for influenza A viruses by real-time PCR. Nine out of the 120 influenza-A-positive pilgrims (7.5percent) were positive for H1N1pdm09. Demographics played a significant role in those pilgrims who tested positive for influenza A.Conclusions: The detection of H1N1pdm09 in pilgrims at their port of entry to the KSA was alarming, due to the high potential of trans-boundary transmission. This situation necessitates the implementation of specific prevention and control programs to limit infection by influenza A viruses.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (1169-1175)
dc.language English
dc.publisher Journal of Infection in Developing Countries; TRAMANIGLIO
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries; Publication Year: 2014; Volume: 8; no. 9; Pages: (1169-1175);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Demographic distribution and transmission potential of influenza A and 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 in pilgrims
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Ashshi, A., Department of Laboratory Medicine, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Azhar, E., Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia, Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Johargy, A., Department of Microbiology, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Asghar, A., Department of Microbiology, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Momenah, A., Department of Microbiology, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Turkestani, A., Preventive Medicine, Health Directorate, Ministry of HealthMakkah region, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Alghamdi, S., Department of Laboratory Medicine, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Memish, Z., Preventive Medicine Directorate, Ministry of HealthRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Al-Ghamdi, A., Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Alawi, M., Infection Control Unit, King Abdulaziz University HospitalJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation El-Kafrawy, S., Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Farouk, M., Department of Microbiology, Umm Al-Qura UniversityMakkah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Harakeh, S., Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Kumosani, T., Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Makhdoum, H., Virology Unit, Jeddah Regional Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.affiliation Barbour, E.K., Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddah, Saudi Arabia, Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, American University of BeirutBeirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Azhar, E.; Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, King Abdulaziz UniversitySaudi Arabia
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences; Department: Animal and Veterinary Sciences;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Animal and Veterinary Sciences
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail esam.azhar@yahoo.com
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ashshi, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Azhar, E
dc.contributor.authorInitials Johargy, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Asghar, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Momenah, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Turkestani, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Alghamdi, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Memish, Z
dc.contributor.authorInitials Al-Ghamdi, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials Alawi, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials El-Kafrawy, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Farouk, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Harakeh, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kumosani, T
dc.contributor.authorInitials Makhdoum, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Barbour, EK
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Azhar, E (reprint author), King Abdulaziz Univ, Dept Med Lab Technol, Fac Appl Med Sci, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID barbour, elie-P-6166-2014; Harakeh, Steve-K-5709-2012
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 0
dc.description.citedWOSCount 0
dc.format.extentCount 7
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden
dc.identifier.scopusID 84907008462
dc.publisher.address JIDC CENT OFF PORTO CONTE RICERCHE RES CTR, S P 55, PORTO CONTE CAPO CACCIA KM 8.400 LOC, TRAMANIGLIO, 07041, ITALY
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 9
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Infect. Dev. Ctries.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 8
dc.source.ID WOS:000343791000011
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Demographic distribution
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword influenza a h1n1
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword makkah pilgrims
dc.subject.otherIndex 2009 h1n1 influenza
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex coughing
dc.subject.otherIndex demography
dc.subject.otherIndex disease association
dc.subject.otherIndex disease surveillance
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex fisher exact test
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex infection rate
dc.subject.otherIndex influenza virus a h1n1
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex nonhuman
dc.subject.otherIndex population distribution
dc.subject.otherIndex questionnaire
dc.subject.otherIndex real time polymerase chain reaction
dc.subject.otherIndex saudi arabia
dc.subject.otherIndex smoking
dc.subject.otherIndex sore throat
dc.subject.otherIndex throat culture
dc.subject.otherIndex virus transmission
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus Virus-infection
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus air-travel
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus a(h1n1) influenza
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus united-states
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus outbreak
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus responses
dc.subject.otherWOS Infectious Diseases
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3855/jidc.4204


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