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Rethinking gender-based violence during war: Is violence against civilian men a problem worth addressing?

Show simple item record Linos N.
dc.contributor.editor 2009 2017-10-18T13:30:52Z 2017-10-18T13:30:52Z 2009
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.001
dc.identifier.issn 2779536
dc.description.abstract Gender-based violence during conflict and post-conflict situations has received increased attention in research and in the work of development agencies. Viewed primarily as a form of violence against women, this commentary questions whether male civilians have also been victims of gender-based violence during conflict, invisible due to stereotypes surrounding masculinity and a culturally permissive approach towards violence perpetrated against men, especially at times of war. The experience of civilian males of violence, including sexual violence, during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other contemporary wars, suggests that the discourse on gender-based violence and public health research should begin exploring the specific needs of men. Drawing on Nancy Krieger's (Krieger, N. (2003). Genders, sexes, and health: what are the connections-and why does it matter? International Journal of Epidemiology, 32, 652-657) analysis on the differential role of 'sex' and 'gender' on a given exposure-outcome association, this commentary suggests that the impact of gender-based violence on health during conflict may be different for men and women and may require distinct therapeutic approaches. Given that perpetrators are often male, an extra level of stigma is added when heterosexual men are sexually violated, which may lead to underreporting and reduced health-service seeking behavior. Further public health research is needed to guide the work of humanitarian agencies working with survivors of gender-based violence in conflict and post-conflict settings to ensure equal access to appropriate health services for men and women. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent Pages: (1548-1551)
dc.language English
dc.publisher OXFORD
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Social Science and Medicine; Publication Year: 2009; Volume: 68; no. 8; Pages: (1548-1551);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Rethinking gender-based violence during war: Is violence against civilian men a problem worth addressing?
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Linos, N., Center for Research on Population and Health, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 11 07 2020, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Linos, N.; Center for Research on Population and Health, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 11 07 2020, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Center for Research on Population and Health;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Center for Research on Population and Health
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Linos, N
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Linos, N (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Ctr Res Populat and Hlth, POB 11-0236, Beirut 11072020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 8
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 6
dc.description.citedWOSCount 6
dc.format.extentCount 4
dc.identifier.coden SSMDE
dc.identifier.pubmedID 19269726
dc.identifier.scopusID 63149118728
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Soc. Sci. Med.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 8
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Social Science and Medicine
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Soc. Sci. Med.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 68
dc.source.ID WOS:000265813600024
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Armed conflict
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Gender
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Gender-based violence
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Sex
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Yugoslavia
dc.subject.otherIndex civil war
dc.subject.otherIndex epidemiology
dc.subject.otherIndex gender issue
dc.subject.otherIndex health services
dc.subject.otherIndex public health
dc.subject.otherIndex social conflict
dc.subject.otherIndex violence
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex Bosnia and Herzegovina
dc.subject.otherIndex conflict
dc.subject.otherIndex heterosexual male
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex masculinity
dc.subject.otherIndex sex difference
dc.subject.otherIndex sexual crime
dc.subject.otherIndex stigma
dc.subject.otherIndex violence
dc.subject.otherIndex war
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Men
dc.subject.otherIndex Sex Factors
dc.subject.otherIndex Stereotyping
dc.subject.otherIndex Survivors
dc.subject.otherIndex Violence
dc.subject.otherIndex War Crimes
dc.subject.otherIndex Yugoslavia
dc.subject.otherIndex Yugoslavia (pre-1992)
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SEXUAL VIOLENCE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CROATIA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HERZEGOVINA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WARTIME
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HEALTH
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WOMEN
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus RAPE
dc.subject.otherWOS Public, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subject.otherWOS Social Sciences, Biomedical

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