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Assessment of water quality along a recreational section of the Damour River in Lebanon using the water quality index

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dc.contributor.author Massoud M.A.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2012
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:32:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:32:00Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier 10.1007/s10661-011-2251-z
dc.identifier.issn 1676369
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20495
dc.description.abstract Considering that water is becoming progressively scarce, monitoring water quality of rivers is a subject of ongoing concern and research. It is very intricate to accurately express water quality as water quantity due to the various variables influencing it. A water quality index which integrates several variables in a specific value may be used as a management tool in water quality assessment. Moreover, this index may facilitate communication with the public and decision makers. The main objectives of this research project are to evaluate the water quality index along a recreational section of a relatively small Mediterranean river in Southern Lebanon and to characterize the spatial and temporal variability. Accordingly, an assessment was conducted at the end of the dry season for a period of 5 years from 2005 to 2009. The estimated water quality index classified the average water quality over a 5-year period at the various sites as good. Results revealed that water quality of the Damour River is generally affected by the anthropogenic activities taking place along its watershed. The best quality was found in the upper sites and the worst at the estuary. The presence of fecal coliform bacteria in very high levels may indicate potential health risks to swimmers. This study can be used to support the evaluation of management, regulatory, and monitoring decisions. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (4151-4160)
dc.language English
dc.publisher DORDRECHT
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment; Publication Year: 2012; Volume: 184; no. 7; Pages: (4151-4160);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Assessment of water quality along a recreational section of the Damour River in Lebanon using the water quality index
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Massoud, M.A., Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad el Solh 1107, 2020 Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Massoud, M.A.; Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad el Solh 1107, 2020 Beirut, Lebanon; email: maymassoud@yahoo.com
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Environmental Health;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Environmental Health
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail maymassoud@yahoo.com
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Massoud, MA
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Massoud, MA (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Environm Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, POB 11-0236,Riad el Solh 1107, Beirut 2020, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 5
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 4
dc.description.citedWOSCount 4
dc.format.extentCount 10
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden EMASD
dc.identifier.pubmedID 21853414
dc.identifier.scopusID 84864859794
dc.publisher.address VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Environ. Monit. Assess.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 7
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Environ. Monit. Assess.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 184
dc.source.ID WOS:000305195000012
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Classification
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Damour River
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Water quality
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Water Pollutants, Chemical
dc.subject.otherIndex Anthropogenic activity
dc.subject.otherIndex Decision makers
dc.subject.otherIndex Dry seasons
dc.subject.otherIndex Fecal coliform bacteria
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Management tool
dc.subject.otherIndex Mediterranean rivers
dc.subject.otherIndex Monitoring water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex Potential health
dc.subject.otherIndex Several variables
dc.subject.otherIndex Spatial and temporal variability
dc.subject.otherIndex Specific values
dc.subject.otherIndex Water quality assessments
dc.subject.otherIndex Water quality indexes
dc.subject.otherIndex Water quantities
dc.subject.otherIndex Classification (of information)
dc.subject.otherIndex Coliform bacteria
dc.subject.otherIndex Decision making
dc.subject.otherIndex Patient monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex Quality assurance
dc.subject.otherIndex Research
dc.subject.otherIndex Rivers
dc.subject.otherIndex Water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex decision making
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex fecal coliform
dc.subject.otherIndex human activity
dc.subject.otherIndex river pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex temporal variation
dc.subject.otherIndex water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex bacterium contamination
dc.subject.otherIndex coliform bacterium
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental impact assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex estuary
dc.subject.otherIndex fecal coliform
dc.subject.otherIndex health hazard
dc.subject.otherIndex human impact (environment)
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex quality control
dc.subject.otherIndex recreation
dc.subject.otherIndex river ecosystem
dc.subject.otherIndex water analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex water contamination
dc.subject.otherIndex water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex watershed
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental Monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Recreation
dc.subject.otherIndex Rivers
dc.subject.otherIndex Seasons
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Pollutants, Chemical
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Quality
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DISSOLVED-OXYGEN
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus INDICATORS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus IMPACT
dc.subject.otherWOS Environmental Sciences
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2251-z


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