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Factors influencing development of management strategies for the Abou Ali River in Lebanon. I: Spatial variation and land use

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dc.contributor.author Massoud M.A.
dc.contributor.author El-Fadel M.
dc.contributor.author Scrimshaw M.D.
dc.contributor.author Lester J.N.
dc.contributor.editor
dc.date 2006
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T13:32:02Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T13:32:02Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.09.079
dc.identifier.issn 489697
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10938/20507
dc.description.abstract Surface water bodies are progressively subject to increasing stress as a result of environmentally degrading processes primarily related to anthropogenic activities. This study assesses and examines the impact of land use and land-based activities on the spatial variation in water quality of the Abou Ali River in North Lebanon. It is the first detailed study of its kind in Lebanon and adds to the existing knowledge by shedding light on a relatively small Mediterranean river in a developing country where there is a paucity of such studies. The assessment was conducted at the end of the dry season in 2002 and 2003 and the end of the wet season in 2003 and 2004. The study has demonstrated the importance of anthropogenic influences on the water quality of the Abou Ali River Basin, as concentrations of most contaminants were higher at locations with greatest human activity. The most adversely affected area was the section of the river that flows through an entirely urbanized and highly populated region, the Tripoli conurbation. Upstream rural sites were enriched by contaminants primarily from non-point sources such as agricultural runoff and poultry litter whereas contaminant concentrations at the urban sites were enriched by a combination of sewage discharge and flow of contaminants from upstream. If the Abou Ali River is to be utilized as a managed water resource and its water quality sustained, point source discharges will require treatment and land use management must be planned to minimize the impact of diffuse source pollution on the river. A high priority should be given to the implementation and enforcement of the precautionary and polluter pays principles. Moreover, an effective legal, economic and institutional framework is required to encourage investment in waste reduction and control and to introduce environmentally sound practices. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent
dc.format.extent Pages: (15-30)
dc.language English
dc.publisher AMSTERDAM
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Science of the Total Environment; Publication Year: 2006; Volume: 362; no. 41642; Pages: (15-30);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Factors influencing development of management strategies for the Abou Ali River in Lebanon. I: Spatial variation and land use
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Massoud, M.A., Environmental Processes and Water Technology Research Group, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Faculty of Life Sciences, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom, Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation El-Fadel, M., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Scrimshaw, M.D., Environmental Processes and Water Technology Research Group, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Faculty of Life Sciences, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.affiliation Lester, J.N., Environmental Processes and Water Technology Research Group, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Faculty of Life Sciences, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.authorAddress Lester, J.N.; Environmental Processes and Water Technology Research Group, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Faculty of Life Sciences, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom; email: j.lester@ic.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Environmental Health;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Environmental Health
dc.contributor.authorDivision
dc.contributor.authorEmail j.lester@ic.ac.uk
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Massoud, MA
dc.contributor.authorInitials El-Fadel, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Scrimshaw, MD
dc.contributor.authorInitials Lester, JN
dc.contributor.authorOrcidID
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Lester, JN (reprint author), Univ London Imperial Coll Sci and Technol, Fac Life Sci, Dept Environm Sci and Technol, Environm Proc and Water Technol Res Grp, London SW7 2AZ, England.
dc.contributor.authorResearcherID
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 27
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 23
dc.description.citedWOSCount 23
dc.format.extentCount 16
dc.identifier.articleNo
dc.identifier.coden STEVA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 16313946
dc.identifier.scopusID 33646569302
dc.publisher.address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Sci. Total Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 41642
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Science of the Total Environment
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Sci. Total Environ.
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 362
dc.source.ID WOS:000238739900002
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Abou Ali River
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Land use
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Management
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Spatial variation
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Water quality
dc.subject.otherChemCAS ammonia, 14798-03-9, 51847-23-5, 7664-41-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS chloride, 16887-00-6
dc.subject.otherChemCAS nitrate, 14797-55-8
dc.subject.otherChemCAS phosphate, 14066-19-4, 14265-44-2
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Ammonia, 7664-41-7
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Chlorides
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Nitrates
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Phosphates
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Sewage
dc.subject.otherChemCAS Water Pollutants
dc.subject.otherIndex Discharge (fluid mechanics)
dc.subject.otherIndex Economic and social effects
dc.subject.otherIndex Impurities
dc.subject.otherIndex Land use
dc.subject.otherIndex Sewage
dc.subject.otherIndex Water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex Abou Ali River
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Spatial variation
dc.subject.otherIndex Surface water resources
dc.subject.otherIndex anthropogenic effect
dc.subject.otherIndex land use
dc.subject.otherIndex river management
dc.subject.otherIndex river water
dc.subject.otherIndex spatial variation
dc.subject.otherIndex water pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex agricultural management
dc.subject.otherIndex agricultural waste
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex developing country
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental impact assessment
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental management
dc.subject.otherIndex land use
dc.subject.otherIndex law enforcement
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex poultry
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex river ecosystem
dc.subject.otherIndex seasonal variation
dc.subject.otherIndex sewage treatment
dc.subject.otherIndex urban area
dc.subject.otherIndex water contamination
dc.subject.otherIndex water pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex water quality
dc.subject.otherIndex water sampling
dc.subject.otherIndex water supply
dc.subject.otherIndex agriculture
dc.subject.otherIndex energy resource
dc.subject.otherIndex Enterobacteriaceae
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex environmental protection
dc.subject.otherIndex isolation and purification
dc.subject.otherIndex recreation
dc.subject.otherIndex river
dc.subject.otherIndex sewage
dc.subject.otherIndex water pollutant
dc.subject.otherIndex water pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex Abou Ali River
dc.subject.otherIndex Asia
dc.subject.otherIndex Eurasia
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Liban-Nord
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle East
dc.subject.otherIndex ammonia
dc.subject.otherIndex chloride
dc.subject.otherIndex nitrate
dc.subject.otherIndex phosphate
dc.subject.otherIndex Agriculture
dc.subject.otherIndex Ammonia
dc.subject.otherIndex Chlorides
dc.subject.otherIndex Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject.otherIndex Energy-Generating Resources
dc.subject.otherIndex Enterobacteriaceae
dc.subject.otherIndex Environmental Monitoring
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Nitrates
dc.subject.otherIndex Phosphates
dc.subject.otherIndex Recreation
dc.subject.otherIndex Rivers
dc.subject.otherIndex Sewage
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Pollutants
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Pollution
dc.subject.otherIndex Water Supply
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WATER-QUALITY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CATCHMENT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NUTRIENT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus STREAMS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SEA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus LOWLAND
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus FUTURE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus REGION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus THAMES
dc.subject.otherWOS Environmental Sciences
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.09.079


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