AUB ScholarWorks

Individual and collective determinants of mental health during wartime. A survey of displaced populations amidst the July-August 2006 war in Lebanon

Show simple item record Yamout R. Chaaya M.
dc.contributor.editor 2011 2017-10-18T13:33:55Z 2017-10-18T13:33:55Z 2011
dc.identifier 10.1080/17441692.2010.494163
dc.identifier.issn 17441692
dc.description.abstract It is well known that war has negative effects on the mental health of civilian populations. However, different perceptions and reactions to trauma have different impacts on the psychological well-being of affected populations. This study assessed the mental health status of adult internally displaced persons (IDPs) at an early stage of the summer 2006 war in Lebanon, and investigated the relationship between their mental status and socio-demographic determinants, and individual and collective experiences of the war. Two hundred and eighteen IDPs were surveyed for the prevalence and determinants of acute trauma symptoms. The reporting of anxiety symptoms was assessed using a version of the Hamilton Anxiety Rate Scale that was translated into Arabic. The prevalence of self-reported anxiety symptoms was relatively low, at 25.8percent. After adjustment, the outcome variable was significantly associated with being female (OR=2.9), experiencing bombing while fleeing (OR=2.8) and being surveyed in days of bad political news (OR=2.7). Factors related to displacement circumstances and coping strategies showed no significance. This result suggests that individual and collective war experience had an equal importance in predicting anxiety. This study recommends the consideration of factors operating at a collective level for better understanding civilians' mental health in times of war. © 2011 Taylor and Francis.
dc.format.extent Pages: (354-370)
dc.language English
dc.publisher ABINGDON
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Global Public Health; Publication Year: 2011; Volume: 6; no. 4; Pages: (354-370);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Individual and collective determinants of mental health during wartime. A survey of displaced populations amidst the July-August 2006 war in Lebanon
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Yamout, R., Epidemiology and Population Health Department, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Chaaya, M., Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Chaaya, M.; Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Epidemiology and Population Health;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Epidemiology and Population Health
dc.contributor.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Yamout, R
dc.contributor.authorInitials Chaaya, M
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Chaaya, M (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Epidemiol and Populat Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
dc.description.cited Alexander D.A., 2005, ADV PSYCHIAT TREAT, V11, P12, DOI 10.1192-apt.11.1.12; AMMAR H, 2009, PANEL UNDERSTANDING, V18; [Anonymous], 2006, DAILY STAR 0819; Bonanno GA, 2004, AM PSYCHOL, V59, P20, DOI 10.1037-0003-066X.59.1.20; DENG F, 2003, RES INTERNAL DISPLAC, P5; Desjarlais R., 1995, WORLD MENTAL HLTH PR, P34; GUY W, 1976, 048 HAMA HAMILTON AN, P194; Henderson SW, 2001, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V285, P1212, DOI 10.1001-jama.285.9.1212; Hollifield M, 2002, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V288, P611, DOI 10.1001-jama.288.5.611; IDMC (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre), 2006, ISR MIL OP FORC PEOP; Jasinskaja-Lahti I, 2006, J CROSS CULT PSYCHOL, V37, P293, DOI 10.1177-0022022106286925; de Jong JTVM, 2001, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V286, P555, DOI 10.1001-jama.286.5.555; Kalafi Y, 2002, PSYCHOL REP, V90, P262, DOI 10.2466-PR0.90.1.262-266; Kanji Zeenatkhanu, 2007, Paediatr Nurs, V19, P30; KEYES EF, 2000, ISSUES MENTAL HLTH N, V21, P297; Landau J, 2007, FAM PROCESS, V46, P351, DOI 10.1111-j.1545-5300.2007.00216.x; Layne CM, 2007, PTSD SCI PRACTICE CO, P497; LOPESCARDOZO BL, 2004, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V292, P575; MCMICHAEL C, 2003, CRIT PERSPECT, P131; Miller KE, 2004, MENTAL HEALTH OF REFUGEES, P1; Miller K. E., 1999, J CONTEMP PSYCHOTHER, V29, P283, DOI DOI 10.1023-A:1022926721458; Mollica RF, 2004, LANCET, V364, P2058, DOI 10.1016-S0140-6736(04)17519-3; Nguyen-Gillham V, 2008, HEALTH SOC CARE COMM, V16, P291, DOI 10.1111-j.1365-2524.2008.00767.x; NICHOLSONBARABA.L, 1997, SOCIAL WORK RES, V21, P19; Norris FH, 2008, AM J COMMUN PSYCHOL, V41, P127, DOI 10.1007-s10464-007-9156-6; NUWAYHID I, 2007, GLOB FOR HLTH RES AN; Porter M, 2005, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V294, P602, DOI 10.1001-jama.294.5.602; ROBERTS B, 2009, BIOMED CENTRAL PSYCH, V9, P9; SAAB R, 2003, SOC SCI MED, V57, P1249; Sabin M, 2003, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V290, P635, DOI 10.1001-jama.290.5.635; Scholte WF, 2004, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V292, P585, DOI 10.1001-jama.292.5.585; Schweitzer R, 2007, AUST NZ J PSYCHIAT, V41, P282, DOI 10.1080-00048670601172780; Shearer D, 2006, DAILY STAR 0926; SORENSEN BR, 2003, RES INTERNAL DISPLAC, P11; Summerfield D, 1997, Med Confl Surviv, V13, P3, DOI 10.1080-13623699708409311; Summerfield D, 1999, SOC SCI MED, V48, P1449, DOI 10.1016-S0277-9536(98)00450-X; van Ommeren M, 2007, B WORLD HEALTH ORGAN, V85, P822; WEINE S, 2001, JAMA-J AM MED ASSOC, V285, P12; *WHO, 2000, 248 WHO; Wood EJ, 2008, ANNU REV POLIT SCI, V11, P539, DOI 10.1146-annurev.polisci.8.082103.104832
dc.description.citedCount 2
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 4
dc.description.citedWOSCount 4
dc.format.extentCount 17
dc.identifier.pubmedID 20677034
dc.identifier.scopusID 79957829773
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Glob. Public Health
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 4
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Global Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Global Public Health
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 6
dc.source.ID WOS:000291301700002
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Displaced
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon 2006 war
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Mental health
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex anxiety
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex Hamilton Anxiety Scale
dc.subject.otherIndex health survey
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex major clinical study
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex mental health
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex priority journal
dc.subject.otherIndex self report
dc.subject.otherIndex winter
dc.subject.otherIndex Adaptation, Psychological
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Aged, 80 and over
dc.subject.otherIndex Anxiety Disorders
dc.subject.otherIndex Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Logistic Models
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Mental Health
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Multivariate Analysis
dc.subject.otherIndex Prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex Refugees
dc.subject.otherIndex Risk Factors
dc.subject.otherIndex Socioeconomic Factors
dc.subject.otherIndex War
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus RESILIENCE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus REFUGEES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus TRAUMA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SETTINGS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus CONFLICT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NETWORKS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SUPPORT
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus EVENTS
dc.subject.otherWOS Public, Environmental and Occupational Health

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search AUB ScholarWorks


My Account