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Occupational violence at lebanese emergency departments: Prevalence, characteristics and associated factors

Show simple item record Alameddine M. Kazzi A. El-Jardali F. Dimassi H. Maalouf S.
dc.contributor.editor Nov-2011 2017-10-18T13:35:48Z 2017-10-18T13:35:48Z 2011
dc.identifier 10.1539/joh.11-0102-OA
dc.identifier.issn 13419145
dc.description.abstract Background: Emergency departments (EDs) workers are at increased risk of exposure to occupational violence. The prevalence of occupational violence is potentially higher and consequences are more serious in areas with poor security conditions. Objectives: We investigated the prevalence, characteristics and factors associated with the exposure of ED workers to violence at Lebanese hospitals. Methods: All ED employees at six tertiary hospitals in Lebanon were surveyed using a crosssectional design. The survey instrument included four sections collecting demographic-professional information and measuring exposure to violence, degree of job satisfaction and degree of professional burnout. The questionnaire was distributed to all ED employees at participating hospitals and was completed by 256 ED workers (70.3percent response rate). Multinomial and binary logistic regressions were used to investigate factors significantly associated with verbal and physical violence. Results: Over the past 12 mo, four in five ED employees were verbally abused and one in four was physically assaulted. Exposure to verbal abuse was associated with serious outcomes including significantly higher levels of occupational burnout and an increased likelihood to quit current job. Exposure to physical violence was associated with increased likelihood-to-quit, nurse status and public hospitalemployment. Conclusion: Violence largely prevails at Lebanese EDs. Most vulnerable are nurses and employees of public hospitals who are disproportionally exposed to violence. ED stakeholders must work collaboratively to investigate the root causes of violence and devise and implement effective antiviolence policies and measures. Such measures will be necessary to protect the well-being and decrease the turnover of ED workers.
dc.format.extent Pages: (455-464)
dc.language English
dc.publisher TOKYO
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Journal of Occupational Health; Publication Year: 2011; Volume: 53; no. 6; Pages: (455-464);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Occupational violence at lebanese emergency departments: Prevalence, characteristics and associated factors
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.affiliation Alameddine, M., Health Management and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Kazzi, A., Department of Emergency Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation El-Jardali, F., Health Management and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, United States
dc.contributor.affiliation Dimassi, H., School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Maalouf, S., Health Management and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, United States
dc.contributor.authorAddress Alameddine, M.; Health Management and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Bliss Street, Van Dyck building 140B, Beirut 11-0236, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Health Management and Policy;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Health Management and Policy
dc.contributor.authorFaculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Alameddine, M
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kazzi, A
dc.contributor.authorInitials El-Jardali, F
dc.contributor.authorInitials Dimassi, H
dc.contributor.authorInitials Maalouf, S
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Alameddine, M (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Hlth Sci, Bliss St,Van Dyck Bldg 140B, Beirut 110236, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 5
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 7
dc.description.citedWOSCount 6
dc.format.extentCount 10
dc.identifier.coden JOCHF
dc.identifier.pubmedID 21952297
dc.identifier.scopusID 84859250387
dc.publisher.address 1-29-8 SHINJUKU, SHINJUKU-KU, TOKYO, 160, JAPAN
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr J. Occup. Health
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 6
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Journal of Occupational Health
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr J. Occup. Health
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 53
dc.source.ID WOS:000297717400007
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Emergency departments
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Lebanon
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Occupational health
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Professional burnout
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Turnover
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Violence
dc.subject.otherIndex adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex adult
dc.subject.otherIndex article
dc.subject.otherIndex burnout
dc.subject.otherIndex control
dc.subject.otherIndex cross-sectional study
dc.subject.otherIndex emergency health service
dc.subject.otherIndex female
dc.subject.otherIndex health care personnel
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex job satisfaction
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex male
dc.subject.otherIndex middle aged
dc.subject.otherIndex occupational exposure
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex statistics
dc.subject.otherIndex violence
dc.subject.otherIndex workplace
dc.subject.otherIndex Adolescent
dc.subject.otherIndex Adult
dc.subject.otherIndex Burnout, Professional
dc.subject.otherIndex Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.otherIndex Emergency Service, Hospital
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Health Personnel
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Internal-External Control
dc.subject.otherIndex Job Satisfaction
dc.subject.otherIndex Lebanon
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle Aged
dc.subject.otherIndex Occupational Exposure
dc.subject.otherIndex Prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex Violence
dc.subject.otherIndex Workplace
dc.subject.otherIndex Young Adult
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WORKPLACE VIOLENCE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus VERBAL ABUSE
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NURSING STAFF
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NURSES
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus AGGRESSION
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PERCEPTIONS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus PHYSICIANS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SETTINGS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus WORKERS
dc.subject.otherWOS Public, Environmental and Occupational Health

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