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Hepatitis C virus infection in the Middle East and North Africa mENA region: Injecting drug users (IDUs) is an under-investigated population

Show simple item record Ramia S. Melhem N.M. Kreidieh K.
dc.contributor.editor 2012 2017-10-18T13:38:22Z 2017-10-18T13:38:22Z 2012
dc.identifier 10.1007/s15010-011-0236-z
dc.identifier.issn 03008126
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Investigation of the injecting drug users (IDUs) population is becoming extremely critical and timely in light of the recent evidence that IDUs now act as the core of hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics in developed countries. The purpose of this article, therefore, is not only to review the epidemiology of HCV in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, but also to see whether IDUs were adequately studied and whether harm reduction strategies to be applied for their protection have been set. Methods: A literature review was carried out of articles published within the last decade on HCV infection. Results: The gathered data showed that the population of IDUs is severely under-investigated throughout the whole region, possibly due to religious and cultural impediments. Conclusion: In order to reduce the risk of HCV infection in IDUs, a set of recommendations are advanced emphasizing the urgent need for bio-behavioral studies in this population in order to help identify the source and mode of transmission and the genotypes of HCV involved. These results may allow the development of effective and, yet, socially acceptable intervention strategies. We believe that the role which IDUs play in sustaining HCV infection is also an under-investigated topic in many developing countries. Similar reviews and, hence, interventions should be initiated in these regions. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
dc.format.extent Pages: (1-10)
dc.language English
dc.publisher HEIDELBERG
dc.relation.ispartof Publication Name: Infection; Publication Year: 2012; Volume: 40; no. 1; Pages: (1-10);
dc.source Scopus
dc.title Hepatitis C virus infection in the Middle East and North Africa mENA region: Injecting drug users (IDUs) is an under-investigated population
dc.type Review
dc.contributor.affiliation Ramia, S., Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Melhem, N.M., Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.affiliation Kreidieh, K., Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.authorAddress Ramia, S.; Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut, Lebanon; email:
dc.contributor.authorCorporate University: American University of Beirut; Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences; Department: Medical Laboratory Sciences Program;
dc.contributor.authorDepartment Medical Laboratory Sciences Program
dc.contributor.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences
dc.contributor.authorInitials Ramia, S
dc.contributor.authorInitials Melhem, NM
dc.contributor.authorInitials Kreidieh, K
dc.contributor.authorReprintAddress Ramia, S (reprint author), Amer Univ Beirut, Med Lab Sci Dept, Fac Hlth Sci, POB 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.contributor.authorUniversity American University of Beirut
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dc.description.citedCount 3
dc.description.citedTotWOSCount 3
dc.description.citedWOSCount 3
dc.format.extentCount 10
dc.identifier.coden IFTNA
dc.identifier.pubmedID 22237470
dc.identifier.scopusID 84857785587
dc.publisher.address TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY
dc.relation.ispartOfISOAbbr Infection
dc.relation.ispartOfIssue 1
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitle Infection
dc.relation.ispartofPubTitleAbbr Infection
dc.relation.ispartOfVolume 40
dc.source.ID WOS:000301405900001
dc.type.publication Journal
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Hepatitis C virus
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Injecting drug users
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword Middle East
dc.subject.otherAuthKeyword North Africa
dc.subject.otherIndex cultural factor
dc.subject.otherIndex developing country
dc.subject.otherIndex genotype
dc.subject.otherIndex hepatitis C
dc.subject.otherIndex Hepatitis C virus
dc.subject.otherIndex human
dc.subject.otherIndex infection risk
dc.subject.otherIndex intravenous drug abuse
dc.subject.otherIndex medical literature
dc.subject.otherIndex medical research
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle East
dc.subject.otherIndex North Africa
dc.subject.otherIndex prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex religion
dc.subject.otherIndex research subject
dc.subject.otherIndex review
dc.subject.otherIndex risk reduction
dc.subject.otherIndex systematic review
dc.subject.otherIndex virus transmission
dc.subject.otherIndex Africa, Northern
dc.subject.otherIndex Drug Users
dc.subject.otherIndex Female
dc.subject.otherIndex Guidelines as Topic
dc.subject.otherIndex Harm Reduction
dc.subject.otherIndex Hepacivirus
dc.subject.otherIndex Hepatitis C
dc.subject.otherIndex Humans
dc.subject.otherIndex Male
dc.subject.otherIndex Middle East
dc.subject.otherIndex Prevalence
dc.subject.otherIndex Substance Abuse, Intravenous
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HEALTH-CARE WORKERS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus NON-HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus BLOOD-DONORS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus RISK-FACTORS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus HEMODIALYSIS-PATIENTS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus B-VIRUS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus SAUDI-ARABIA
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus DIALYSIS PATIENTS
dc.subject.otherKeywordPlus VIRAL-HEPATITIS
dc.subject.otherWOS Infectious Diseases

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