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Preliminary economic assessment of the use of waste frying oils for biodiesel production in Beirut, Lebanon

Show simple item record Fawaz, E.G Salam, Darine.A 2022-10-14T12:13:19Z 2022-10-14T12:13:19Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation A novel approach for harvesting the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris with sodium alginate microspheres using buoy-bead flotation method Zhang H., Wen H., Yin H., Qin W., Liu X., Wang Y. and Liu Y. Science of the Total Environment • 10 December 2022
dc.description.abstract In this study, a method for assessing the costs of biodiesel production from waste frying oils in Beirut, Lebanon, was investigated with the aim of developing an economic evaluation of this alternative. A hundred restaurant and hotel enterprises in Beirut were surveyed for promoting them in participating in the biodiesel supply chain, and for data collection on waste frying oils generation, disposal methods and frequency, and acquisition cost. Also, waste frying oils were collected and converted into biodiesel using a one-step base catalyzed transesterification process. Physicochemical characteristics of the produced biodiesel were conforming to international standards. Data produced from laboratory scale conversion of waste frying oils to biodiesel, as well as data collected from the only biodiesel plant in Lebanon was used to determine the production cost of biodiesel. Geographic Information System was used to propose a real-time vehicle routing model to establish the logistics costs associated with waste frying oils collection. Comparing scenarios of the configuration collection network of waste frying oils, and using medium-duty commercial vehicles for collection, a logistics cost of US$/L 0.08 was optimally reached. For the calculation of the total cost of biodiesel production, the minimum, average, and maximum values for the non-fixed cost variables were considered emerging 81 scenarios for possible biodiesel costs. These were compared with information on the commercialization of diesel in Lebanon for the years 2011 through 2017. Although competitive with petroleum diesel for years 2011 to 2014, the total biodiesel cost presented less tolerance to declining diesel prices in the recent years. Sensitivity analysis demonstrated that the acquisition cost of waste frying oils is the key factor affecting the overall cost of biodiesel production. The results of this study validate the economic feasibility of waste frying oils' biodiesel production in the studied urban area upon enforcement of low waste frying oils' acquisition costs, and can help spur food service enterprises to become suppliers of biodiesel production feedstock and support a healthy development of the biodiesel industry in Lebanon. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd
dc.subject Biodiesel production
dc.subject Economic assessment
dc.subject Lebanon
dc.subject Waste frying oils
dc.title Preliminary economic assessment of the use of waste frying oils for biodiesel production in Beirut, Lebanon
dc.type Article

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